Abstract. The article is devoted to the concept, types and general characteristics of corruption offenses, as corruption is one of the most persistent negative phenomena in the activities of public authorities and administration. It affects all spheres of public life, contributes to the spread of organized crime, creates social tension, creates uncertainty in the population's ability to take organizational and practical measures to overcome the systemic crisis and revive Ukraine.
Nowadays, juvenile delinquency is a very pressing issue for many countries around the world and particularly, a rather big problem for Ukrainian society on the territory of our state. The international community is extremely concerned about this issue and takes numerous measures and approves new legal acts to solve this problem. Therefore, Ukraine as a state that is on the path of integration into modern European society and the international community, it is essential to learn from more developed and humane neighbors.
The article analyzes the development of the doctrine of judicial discretion in the history of criminal law. It has been proven that most of the modern theories of judicial discretion are integrative in nature, reflected in modern criminal codes. For example, the French Criminal Code of 1992 relies on the ideas of the school of “new social protection” and on the concepts and institutions developed by the classical school (in the case of the classification of criminal acts, guilt, insanity).
The article is devoted to the analysis of sentencing in accordance with the provisions of the General Part of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. Based on the analysis of the Criminal Code of Ukraine and the positions of scientists, it can be concluded that the court in sentencing should take into account the following provisions of the General Part of the Criminal Code of Ukraine: the provisions of the Criminal Code of Ukraine (Article 1 of the Criminal Code).
The current criminal law has substantially improved the basic provisions of the institute of appoi
ntment of punishment. In particular, for the first time, the rule stipulating that a court is offered to choo
se a more severe type of punishment from the number of penalties provided for in the relevant part of th
e Criminal Code of Ukraine only if less severe punishment isn’t able to achieve the statutory purposes of
punishment. Said regulations must b followed in the appointment of such a form of criminal
The article delineates the notions of “person guilty”, “person of the offender” and “subject of crime”. Therefore, groups of features characterizing these concepts are analyzed.
The article is devoted to the study of domestic violence issues from the criminal and
criminological point of view. It is noted that nowadays there is a need for a systematic analysis
of the sphere of family and household relations, since new criminologically significant factors
have emerged in this sphere, as well as those factors that have previously acted intensified,
which affected the quantitative and qualitative features of family-domestic relations. Provides
that the amendments to the Criminal code of Ukraine and the introduction of thus criminal
In the article, based on the analysis of the content of the duties specified by the law for
probation bodies, the problem issues concerning the execution of a sentence in the form of
deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions or to engage in appropriate activities
regarding those convicted of crimes in the sphere of pensions and social security of Ukraine, as
well as Proposed scientifically substantiated measures on their solution in essence.
The article is devoted to the analysis of issues of decriminalization as a method of criminal-legal policy. Summarizing that decriminalization, as a process of official recognition of the fact of the loss of a certain act of social danger and the exclusion of a norm that previously established the criminal responsibility for the said act from the Criminal Code of Ukraine, is one of the most effective methods of criminal-law policy.
The article is devoted to analysis of depenalization as a method of criminal-law policy. It
is concluded that the lack of a common understanding of the concept and essence of
depenalization does not allow the full implementation of this method of criminal-law in
practice. At the same time, he could act as one effective instrument for reforming domestic
criminal law in the context of the declared humanization of criminal responsibility and
punishment. It would seem that in this way it would be possible to significantly reduce the