The accumulation of highly mineralized waters and brines in the mining-industrial regions of Ukraine carry a threat of salt pollution of underground and surface water sources. Low-waste processing of these waters is prevented by iron compounds, hydrogen sulfide and sulfur-containing organic compounds. The process of accumulation of iron compounds in brines and groundwater in the presence of hydrogen sulfide has been studied. Comparative calculations of the thermodynamic potentials of the corresponding reactions have been carried out.
The effect of low-pressure glow discharge on the formation of peroxide and the degree of oxidation of Mn, Cr and Fe was studied in the aqueous solutions of different compounds. The plasma treatment causes the reduction of Mn(VII) through Mn(IV) to Mn(II), Cr(VI) to Cr(III) and oxidation of Fe(II) to Fe(III). Among other reactive species, peroxide formed under the action of plasma treatment takes an active part in redox reactions. The concentration of peroxide usually increases with treatment time, but its presence is detected only after completion of active redox processes.