# Mathematical modeling bringing the operation of air split conditioners heat pumps to the same internal temperature conditions

2021;
: pp. 509–514

Revised: April 08, 2021
Accepted: May 17, 2021

Mathematical Modeling and Computing, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 509–514 (2021)

1
Department of Heat, Gas Supply and Ventilation, Institute of Construction and Engineering Systems, Lviv Polytechnic National University
2
Department of Heat, Gas Supply and Ventilation, Institute of Construction and Engineering Systems, Lviv Polytechnic National University
3
Department of Heat, Gas Supply and Ventilation, Institute of Construction and Engineering Systems, Lviv Polytechnic National University
4
Department of Heat, Gas Supply and Ventilation, Institute of Construction and Engineering Systems, Lviv Polytechnic National University

Nowadays, the use of heat pumps (HP) of air split-conditioners in air conditioning and heating systems of small industrial, public and residential facilities is becoming more common.  It is known that the nominal heat capacity of HP of air split-conditioners is given in catalogs or reference literature under standard outdoor temperature conditions, namely: outdoor air temperature $+7\,{}^\circ$C, indoor air temperature $+21\,{}^\circ$C.  At the same time, manufacturers of air split-conditioners do not ensure that, regardless of the size of heating capacity, all air split-conditioners have the same internal temperature conditions, namely: the evaporation temperature of the refrigerant and its condensation temperature.  In this case, the thermodynamic efficiency, which can be best assessed by the exergetic output-input ratio (OIR) of different heating capacity of HP of air split-conditioners, is different; this, in our opinion, is incorrect.  However, today there is a lack of mathematical models of bringing the operation of air split-conditioners HP to the similar internal temperature conditions, which will allow us to obtain the same exergetic OIR for different heating capacity of HP.  To create the mathematical model of bringing the operation of HP of air split-conditioners to the equal internal temperature conditions, we have proposed them, namely: the evaporation temperature of the refrigerant $+0.7\,{}^\circ$C and its condensation temperature $+40\,{}^\circ$C. Taking these temperatures on the basis of the heat balances of the HP evaporator and HP condenser of air split-conditioners, we obtained the dependences for calculating air flow rates on the evaporator and condenser, which respectively maintain the proposed temperatures.

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