: 156-167
Department of Architectural Environment Design Lviv Polytechic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University Department of Architectural Environment Design
Senior Lecturer of the Department of Architectural Environment Design Lviv Polytechnic National University

The article highlights various aspects of the development of the architectural network of theater buildings and spaces in Lviv before the construction of the Count S. Skarbko Theater in 1842, as well as all the legendary and real events related to its design, construction, and operation against the background of theatrical and architectural artistic, cultural, and political events in the city and Europe from the early nineteenth to the early twenty-first century.

For 180 years since the beginning of its creative activity, the S. Skarbko/M. Zankovetska Theater and its building have been the subject and object of research not only by scholars from Ukraine, Poland, and Austria-historians, art historians, architects, and playwrights-but also have become the source of many legends that are still of interest to its fans around the world in the twenty-first century.

The purpose of the article is to highlight the phenomenon of the S. Skarbko / M. Zankovetska Theater in such a way as to confirm or refute some of the legends that have accumulated since its construction and until the beginning of the twenty-first century and to highlight the theater as an architectural and cultural phenomenon of the city of Lviv and Europe.

According to the authors, theater is probably the most powerful manifestation of the level of culture in society. Today we are witnessing and participating in the revival and defense of the Ukrainian nation, its memory, faith, spirit and culture in the bloody war unleashed by Russia. And this is also impossible without theatrical activities, and in particular, such institutions as the S. Skarbko/M. Zankovetska Theater, which has been a true temple of true art for 180 years and is an important cultural center for all nationalities and religions in Lviv. It is a prominent cultural coordinate in Europe, just like its architectural forerunners, the La Scala and Dresden Opera houses. Such an architectural treasure requires proper care, which, of course, will never be possible to accomplish solely through the efforts of the theater's management and company.

Arkhiv fotohrafiy z istoriyi zakhidnoukrayinsʹkoho teatru. Lʹviv. Biblioteka Akademiyi Nauk Ukrayiny, Viddil mystetstv.

Arkhitekturni plany pobudovy ukrayinsʹkoho teatru u Lʹvovi. TSDIA (Tsentralʹnyy Derzhavnyy Istorychnyy arkhiv) u Lʹvovi, Fond 514, opys 1, sprava 137.

Goyan Georg. (1950). 2000 let armyanskogo teatra. M., S. 512 – 544.

Kataloh hravyur XVII – XX st. z fondiv Lʹvivsʹkoyi naukovoyi biblioteky im. V.Stefanyka AN URSR. 1989. Kyyiv, «Naukova dumka», 46 s.

Krakovsʹkyy L. (1940). Rekonstruktsiya dramatychnoho teatru im. Lesi Ukrayinky u Lʹvovi. Arkhitektura Radyansʹkoyi Ukrayiny. -№9. S. 13-17.

Proskuryakov V., Yamash YU. (1991). Lʹvivsʹka shkilʹna drama XVI – XVIII ct. Teatralʹna besida. № 1. Lʹviv: Vydannya lʹvivsʹkoho mizhoblasnoho viddilennya Spilky teatralʹnykh diyachiv Ukrayiny, – 33 s.

Proskuryakov V., Yamash YU. (1997). Lʹvivsʹki teatry. Chas i arkhitektura. Lʹviv. «Tsentr Yevropy», – 132 s., S. 15, S. 16, S. 87.

Proskuryakov V.I. (2004). Arkhitektura ukrayinsʹkoho teatru. Prostir i diya. Monohrafiya. Lʹviv: Vydavnytstvo NU «Lʹvivsʹka politekhnika», Vydavnytstvo «Sribne slovo», –S. 137-139.

Proskuryakov O.V. (2009). Pryntsypy arkhitekturnoyi spilky F.Felʹnera ta H.Helʹmera i yikh rozvytok v Ukrayini. Avtoreferat dysertatsiyi na zdobuttya naukovoho stupenya kandydata arkhitektury Lʹviv: Vydavnytstvo NU «Lʹvivsʹka politekhnika».

Sprava po budivnytstvu domu № 5 po vul. Shashkevycha. Lʹvivsʹkyy Oblasnyy Derzhavnyy arkhiv. Fond 2. Opys 3. Sprava 1009.

Khotkevych H. (1932). Teatr 1848 r. Vyd-vo «Rukh». Kharkiv, S. 76.

Baukunde des Architekten. Zweiterband. (1900). Berlin SW. Kommissions – Verlag von Ernst Toeche. –S. 28 – 29, 94 – 106, 148 – 151, 156 - 157.

Dzieje tetru narodowego w Polsce. Wojciech Boguslawski. (1884). Przemysl. 205 s.

Got Jerzy. (1997). Das Osterreichische Theater in Lemberg in 18 und 19 Jahrhundert. Band II. Wien: Verlag der Ost. Akad. Der Wisseschaftens. 875 s. Tafel 11, Tafel 15, Tafel 17, Tafel 19.

Hilmera Jiri. (1999). Ceska divadelni architektura. Vydal Divadelni ustav v Pradze, Celetna 17. – S. 221; 228 – 229; 242.

IStock by Getty Images. La Scala theater of photography. [online] Availabie at: <театр+ла+скала+фотографии> [Accessed 3 January 2023].

Litynski M. (1921). Gmach Skarbkowski na tle architektury Lwowskiej. Lwow, – 93 s.

Papee Fryd. (1894). «Historja Lwowa». Lwow, S. 172.

Peplowski S. (1889). «Teatr Polski we Lwowie (1780-1881)». Lwow, 40 s.

Raszewski Z. (1990). Krotka historia teatru polskiego. Warszawa: Panstwowy Instytut Wydawniczy. –S. 79-84, S. 105-114.

Zubrycki D. (1844). Kronika miasta Lwowa. Lwow. S. 242.