Ukranian radical right-wing parties after the revolution of dignity

: 43-48
Received: November 14, 2016
Accepted: December 20, 2016
Lviv Regional Institute for Postgraduate Pedagogic Education
Lviv National Polytechnic University

The peculiarities of the activities of Ukrainian radical right-wing parties after the Revolution of Dignity are studied, their 
main ideas, principles and typology are considered. Among right-wing parties, there are moderate nationalists, so-called national democrats,  represented  by  parties  like  the People’s Movement  of Ukraine,  the Ukrainian Republican Party,  the Congress  of Ukrainian  Nationalists,  etc.  and  national  radicals  such  as  the Ukrainian  National  Assembly-Ukrainian  People’s  Self-Defense (UNA-UNSO), the Social-National Party of Ukraine (later “Svoboda” (“Freedom”)) and others. The main attaintion is paid to the analysis of such right-wing parties as the Svoboda, the Right Sector, the Brotherhood, the National Corpus. 
In general, all the right-wing parties advocate for decisive changes in society and strengthening the Ukrainian state both in foreign and domestic policy. For this reason during the deep crisis which Ukraine is now experiencing, their popularity would have to be increasing. It is stated that right-wing parties in Ukraine are functioning in a fairly small electoral segment. It is bounded by the fact that in every society a number of people inclined to support radical actions are insignificant. 
The author conducts the comparative analysis  with activities of  right-wing parties  in  Europe.  In  particular,  the 
experience of France, wherein the parliamentary elections of 2012 the “National Front” won 13.6 % of votes, the Austrian Party of Freedom that received 21.4 % of votes in the parliamentary race in 2013, the Hungarian ultra-national “Jobbik” that received 20.5 % of votes  in  the  elections  to  the supreme  legislative body of  the  country  in 2014, and  the nationalist “Greater Romania”  that won 19.5 % of  the votes  in  the parliamentary elections at the height of  its popularity  (in 2000). 
According to  the estimates  of analysts  of the National  Institute for  Strategic  Studies,  the number  of people in Ukraine willing to resort to drastic measures does not exceed 8 %.  
It is concluded that  the Revolution of Dignity and the Russian aggression have resulted  in significant  changes in 
the national self-consciousness of a large part of Ukrainian citizens. The war was a decisive factor that fundamentally changed criteria of Ukrainian identity. The right-wing parties focused on ethnic nationalism now have little support in the society. 

 Lijphart, A. (1979). Regions  vs  Linguistic  vs  Class  Voting:  The  “Crucial Experiment” of Comparing Belgium, Canada, South Africa and Switzerland. American Political Science Review, 2 (June), 442–445.

Mudde, C. (2002). The ideology of the extreme right. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Oleksiienko,  O. (April 30th, 2015). Strashylka  “neonatsyzmu”.  V  chomu  zahadka  ukrainskykh pravykh  radykaliv?Tyzhden. Retrieved from

Partiina  systema Ukrainy do i pislia Maidanu: zminy, tendentsii rozvytku, suspilni zapyty.  Analitychna  dopovid Tsentru Razumkova. Robocha  versiia. (2015). [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from 

Prohrama VO  “Svoboda”  – Prohrama  zakhystu  ukraintsiv. (n/d). [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from  http://svoboda.

Prohrama UNA–UNSO. (n/d). [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from

Radykalni proiavy sotsialnoho protestu. Tendentsii v  Ukraini.  Analitychna  dopovid. (2011). [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved  from

Vasiutynskyi, V. (1999). Masova politychna svidomist i vlada: rukh  po  kolu  chy  rukh  upered? [In Ukrainian]. Ukrainski varianty, 3–4, 77–82.