: 70-79
Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
Oles Honchar Dnipro National University

The communication possibilities of modern graphic narratives are extremely diverse: from the presentation of individual life stories to new cross-genre and even interdisciplinary phenomena (graphic medicine, comic journalism, data comics), which demonstrate the dialogic nature of comics, its universal openness, participatory and empathic nature.

The authors pay special attention to the influence of military realities on the formation of national non-fiction discourse, and mediality is considered as a mediating strategy that depends on such influence. The article proposes a typology of forms of realization of mediality of Ukrainian documentary comics: creation of a heroic narrative (metamedial level), formation of a segment of documentary comics based on memories and spread of co-creation practices by Ukrainian and international comics makers. The functional features of the documentary comic (contextuality, multimodality, empathy, careful work with traumatic experience, destigmatization) contribute to its dissemination, and the use of new media changes one of the main features of the genre - the time distance between the event and the creation of the graphic text. Historical-heroic, biographical, journalistic comics are actively involved in the process of mediatization of memory, becoming means of archiving life stories. In line with the challenges of the "era of digital memories", Ukrainian documentary comics actively uses digital opportunities to present and disseminate new projects (e-zine Incer, series "Cyborgs", collection "PEREMOGA. Victory for Ukraine"). Important and promising for further implementation is the unique ability of comics to graphically reproduce tragic events, "to witness trauma" (G. Chut), and most importantly - to try to overcome it. This is the relevance of documentary comics for the modern Ukrainian present.

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