This paper presents the findings of research study on the effect of borosilicate glass wastes on properties of cement paste and mortar. The borosilicate glass contains three times less alkali than soda-lime glass and about 12 % of boron oxide, so pozzolanic activity of borosilicate glass is three times higher compared to soda-lime glass. In order to increase the pozzolanic activity of glass precipitated synthetic silica was used. Mathematical models were used in order to test the effect of synthetic silica on pozzolanic activity of borosilicate glass.
Among the large number of well-known and widely used active mineral additives of natural and artificial origin, zeolitic tuffs, an aluminosilicate with microporous framework structure, are of a great interest. Porous active mineral additives also include expanded perlite, which is obtained by thermal treatment of natural perlite – alkaline aluminum silicate glass. The activity of zeolite and perlite is connected to their ability to react with Са(ОН)2 and SO42-. In addition to the composition, their dispersion also has a significant impact on the activity level of mineral additives.
In the work was studies of pozzolanic activity complex additives with waste glass powder and nano-silica. The estimate option value and weight ratio of waste glass powder and nano-silica in cement mortars for destination of improving his property.
The work deals with the analysis and evaluation of different methods of pozzolanic activity determination in order to rationally use ash in cement. The most optimum diagnostic method has been suggested. The possibility of increasing fluidal fly ash activity has been established using the synthetic nanosilica.