The chemical composition of essential oil obtained by hydro-distillation with 2.10±0.09 % yield from dried Globularia alypum L. leaves was analyzed by GC-MS. It was determined 60 components representing 99.04 % of total oil. For the evaluation of the mentioned antioxidant activity, three different approaches were performed: the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging, b-carotene bleaching (BCB) test systems and ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay (FRAP).The antioxidant was compared with that of synthetic antioxidant ascorbic acid.
Solvent-free microwave extraction (SFME) is proposed as a method for “green” extraction of edible essential oils extensively used in the fragrance, flavour, and pharmaceutical industries and also in aromatherapy. It is a combination of microwave heating and dry distillation, performed at atmospheric pressure without adding any solvent or water. Isolation and concentration of volatile compounds are performed by a single stage. Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) was extracted with SFME at atmospheric pressure and 373 K for 30 min.