Oxo-Biodegradability of Polyethylene Blends with Starch, Cellulose and Synthetic Additives

Polyethylene (PE) is a pollutant packaging and mulch material. Therefore, it is necessary to raise its oxo-biodegradability by additives. Oxo-biodegradation is the degradation of PE in two steps: oxidation followed by microorganisms biodegradation. In this study, starch and cellulose are compared with synthetic additives. The results reveal that starch and cellulose cannot increase oxygen absorption and oxygenation as good as synthetic additives. However, they increase water absorption and make the surface of the bulk polymer more porous.

Hydrocolloids Effect on the Quality of Oil-Water Emulsion for Foodstuffs and Beverages

The procedure of emulsion preparation with hydrocolloids which are stabilizer-emulsifiers, namely gum-arabic and starch, was updated by introducing new technological parameters, such as oil : aqueous phase ratio, sequence and parameters of ingredients introduction, parameters of pre-emulsion preparation and homogenization. The food emulsion samples were investigated using different amounts of gum-arabic and starch at constant amount of oil phase and samples with variable amount of oil phase and constant amount of a stabilizer.