The rapid development of market relations, Ukraine’s integration into the world economic space, encourage companies, in order to achieve competitive advantages, to explore new ways of capitalization. At the same time, the operations of purchase, sale, merger or acquisition of companies, the value of which directly depends on intellectual capital, are becoming more common.
The relevance of the study lies in the fact that development of a market economy and enterprises themselves, especially in a highly competitive environment, is almost impossible without the active orientation of production structures towards innovative and intellectual activities. The question of the nature of intellectual capital and how it is measured is therefore relevant, since it is the efficient use of such capital that greatly improves the quality of information, and improve management technology and innovation.
The economic nature of intangible assets as components of trading company’s equity capital is disclosed. Theoretical and methodological provisions of intangible assets accounting are analyzed and the existing problematic aspects of reflecting these objects in the accounting system and financial reporting are presented. There are proposed some aspects of improving methodology of accounting intangible assets in their interrelation with the value of the trading company’s capital.
According to the normative documents for the organizing and conducting of accounting
in the Ukrainian enterprises, it is provided that accounting of profits, expenses and financial
results should be carried out by certain types of economic activities (operational, financial and
investment activity). But there is no methodology recommended for the activities of capital
investment. In this connection, the articles describes the necessity of establishment on the
enterprises the systematic financial accounting of profits, expenses and financial results from
Reveals the importance of intangible resources and economic operation of the business post-
industrial type. Proved that the rational management of intangible assets should be based on
complete and accurate information about their availability and use, ie formalized characterization of
all intangible objects formed in the accounting system. The content and economic nature of
intangibles as the object of the accounting and financial (corporate) reporting.
Consider the content and conceptual and methodological basis of accounting for intangible