## Mathematical modeling of elastic state in a three-component plate containing a crack due to the action of unidirectional tension

*Purpose. *A two-dimensional mathematical model for the problem of elasticity theory in a three-component plate containing rectilinear crack due to the action of mechanical efforts is examined. As a consequence, the intensity of stresses in the vicinity of tops of the crack increases, which significantly affects strength of the body. This may lead to the growth of a crack and to the local destruction of a structure.