SIR model

Viable control of COVID-19 spread with vaccination

The rapid and widespread transmission of COVID-19 has necessitated the development and implementation of effective control measures.  Vaccination has emerged as a key tool in combating the pandemic.  This article introduces a novel approach to modeling the dynamics of COVID-19 transmission by integrating vaccination strategies into the susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) framework using viability theory.  We have defined a set of constraints including a guaranteed level of vaccination, we analyze the impact of different vaccination rates on curbing the spread of the vi

Mathematical modeling of Leptospirosis spread in Malaysia

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease that is caused by the pathogen Leptospira, and it can spread indirectly or directly from infected animals to humans.  According to the official statistics from the Malaysian Ministry of Health, leptospirosis outbreaks appeared to be in the most critical condition in the recent few years.  The Susceptible--Infected--Recovered compartmental model and its extensions have been applied widely in disease modeling.  This paper aims to present a compartmental model for leptospirosis spread in Malaysia.  Using this approach, an epidemiological model is formulated