Publishing Ethics

The editorial staff of the journal “Chemistry, Technology of Substances and Their Applications”, published by the National University of Lviv Polytechnic, is guided by the following documents when reviewing manuscripts of articles:

• Code of Ethics for Scientific Publications of the Committee on Ethics of Scientific Publications (CommitteeofPublicationEthics, COPE);

• Western Scientific Center of the NAS of Ukraine and the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine "Ethical code of the scientist of Ukraine".

It is very important for the editorial staff to agree on ethical standards for all parties involved in the preparation of the manuscript for publication: author (s), editorial staff, reviewers, publisher, and the scientific community at large.

Below are the ethical rules that should be followed by those involved in preparing the manuscript for publication.

Ethical Obligations of the Journal Editors:

1. The editor should read all manuscripts of articles submitted for publication without prejudice, evaluating each one properly.

2. The editorial board may not allow the manuscript to be considered for further consideration if the editor has reason to believe that it contains a significant amount of plagiarism.

3. All materials submitted for publication are carefully selected and reviewed. The editor has the right to reject the article or to return it for revision in case of its inconsistency with the structure or improper design. The authors of the article are obliged to revise it in accordance with the comments of the editor or reviewers.

4. Rejected article is not reviewed again.

5. The decision of the editor to accept the manuscript of the article for publication is based on such characteristics as the importance of the results, originality of ideas or innovations of the research, the quality of presentation of the material and the correspondence of the profile of the Journal. An editor may reject a manuscript without peer review if he or she believes that it does not fit the profile of the Journal. When making such a decision, the editor may consult with editorial board members or reviewers.

6. The editor and editorial staff of the Journal shall not provide other persons with any information related to the content of the manuscript of the article under review, other than those who are directly involved in the professional evaluation of the manuscript. After a positive decision by the editor, editorial staff prepare an article for publication in the Journal and place all necessary materials on the web pages of the Journal, the University and its publishers, as well as save them on the relevant electronic resources.

7. In the presence of any conflict of interest (financial, academic, personal), all participants in the manuscript review process should notify the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal or his / her deputy. All contentious issues should be considered at a board meeting in the presence of all stakeholders of a conflict of interest.

8. Articles accepted for publication shall be made publicly available on the Journal's website. The copyrights are retained by the authors of the publication.

Authors' ethical obligations:

1. The author(s) of the manuscript should ensure that they have written a completely original article, and if they have used material from other publications in their work, then it has been properly drafted in the form of links or quotations. The editorial staff conducts a proper review of articles for plagiarism.

2. Submission of an identical article in more than one edition is regarded by the editorial board as unethical and unacceptable for further cooperation.

3. The authorship of an article shall be limited to those of its representatives who have made a significant contribution to the implementation of the claimed research, but not more than the number of authors established by the editorial staff of the Journal.

4. The numerical and any other data in the manuscript should be submitted in error. 5. The article should be structured, should contain sufficient references to the sources used, and should be prepared in accordance with the requirements of the editorial board of the Journal.

6. Unfair or deliberately inaccurate statements or any particulars in the manuscript shall be regarded by the editorial board as unethical and unacceptable for further cooperation.

7. The author of the article who corresponds with the editorial board must ensure that all co-authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript and agreed to publish it.

8. The author(s) of the manuscript, in case of disagreement with the instructions of the reviewer(s), may submit in writing to the Journal their explanatory answer.

9. The author of the manuscript is given an opportunity at a board meeting to respond to criticism by reviewers of some points in the article or in the entire article.

10. The author(s) of the manuscript are personally responsible for the content of the material presented in the article and for the publication itself. The editorial board of the Journal is not responsible to the author of the publication or to third parties for possible problems caused by the publication of the article. The editorial board has the right to remove an article from the Journal even at the final stage of its preparation for publication, if it becomes clear that in the process of its preparation for publication violated the rights of third parties or generally accepted norms of scientific ethics. The editorial board shall notify the author in writing of the fact that the article has been removed from the current edition.

11. The author has no right to completely reprint the material in the article in other editions without the consent of the journal. If a third party borrows material from an article for its own purposes, it must link to the author's article.

12. Journal volume is a limited resource, so the authors of the article are obliged to use it wisely and economically.

Ethical Obligations of Reviewers:

1. To ensure the objectivity of evaluating the manuscripts of articles, the editorial board adheres to double “blind” reviewing.

2. Since the review of manuscripts is a key step in the process of preparing them for publication, then, a priori, for the implementation of the scientific method, as such, each scientist is obliged to properly perform their share of work, including and reviewing.

3. If the selected reviewer is not convinced that his / her qualification is in line with the topic of the study proposed in the manuscript or the appropriate level of preparation, he / she shall immediately return the manuscript to the journal.

4. The reviewer should objectively evaluate the quality of the manuscript, the experimental and theoretical part, the interpretation of the results and the material presented, and determine whether the work meets high scientific standards.

5. The reviewer should consider the possibility of a conflict of interest when the manuscript is closely related to the current or published work of the reviewer. If in doubt, the reviewer should immediately return the manuscript to the journal without review, pointing to a conflict of possible interests.

6. The reviewer must treat the manuscript of the article sent to him for review as a confidential document. He may not show the manuscript to others or discuss its contents with his or her colleagues, except in special cases when a reviewer needs someone's professional advice.

7. The reviewer must adequately explain and substantiate his or her views so that the editor and author of the manuscript can understand the reasons for his or her comments. Any claim that an observation, conclusion, or argument has already been published should be accompanied by a link to the appropriate source and to the page where it is provided.

8. The reviewer should acknowledge any cases of insufficient citation by the authors of the articles of the relevant works of other scholars, if they are directly relevant to the research topic.

9. The reviewer should draw the editor's attention to any significant similarity between this manuscript and any published article or any manuscript submitted to another journal at the same time.

10. The reviewer must provide timely feedback to the editorial board or report in advance that it is not possible to do the work.

11. Reviewers should not use or disclose unpublished information, the arguments presented, or their interpretation contained in a peer-reviewed manuscript, unless the author agrees.

Plagiarism countermeasures

Copyright protection is one of the important categories of the theory of civil and civil procedural law. Copyright protection should be understood as the measures envisaged by law for their recognition, termination of attempt to infringe them, application of measures of legal liability to offenders. The protection of the personal non-property and property rights of copyright subjects shall be exercised in the manner prescribed by administrative, civil and criminal law. Article 19 of the Law on Copyright and Related Rights defines infringements giving grounds for copyright protection.

When submitting a manuscript for publication in the journal “Chemistry, Technology of Substances and Their Applications”, the authors agree that, if accepted, the article will be available in electronic databases with mandatory copyright and copyright in full by authors. In the text of the work itself, the sources of external information - in the form of lists of sources of literature (including the personal works of the authors, previously published) should be cited in full. The author(s) of the manuscript shall be obliged to duly make the borrowing in the form of quotations or references to the original source. Any form of plagiarism is unacceptable, that is, it is regarded by the editorial board as unethical and unacceptable for further cooperation.

Plagiarism is the attribution of a work to another's work or to someone else's discovery, invention or innovation, and the use of another's work in their works without reference to the author.

The editorial board of the edition "Chemistry, technology of substances and their application" condemns the following forms of plagiarism:

  • • Exactly copying an existing copyrighted, patented object without properly registering the parts it borrowed. To prove this form of plagiarism is the simplest, since there is complete symbolic or structural duplication of the borrowed material;
  • • Publication of the object of the author's work, the content of which contains part or all of the material of other (s) authors in linguistic, lexical, technological interpretation. Such plagiarism alters the author's schema of the sign system (a specific specific arrangement of letters, numbers, such as text), allowing the plagiarist to use it as an original, sign-based work. Such an interpretation can often be detected by hardware or software, unless the object of the author's work has been radically altered;
  • • false plagiarism, which includes: errors in references and in the definition of quotations; references to non-existent sources of information; errors in the presentation of accurate facts without specifying the source (unless it is a personal study); errors in the presentation of the structure and content of information sources.

The editorial board strongly condemns any manifestation of plagiarism in the manuscripts of articles as a violation of copyright and scientific ethics. If more than 20% of the borrowed text is found in the article without appropriate references to the original source and the use of quotation marks, the article qualifies as plagiarized. In this case, the manuscript of the article is no longer considered, and the author receives the first warning (in the presence of the scientific advisor it is also made known).

Authors in whom plagiarism will be re-discovered will no longer be able to publish in the journal “Chemistry, Technology of Substances and Their Applications”, and the fact of plagiarism will be reported to the management of their scientific institutions or organizations.