The Versatility of Ivan Levynsky’s Cultural Heritage

2017;
: 27-32
1
Національний університет «Львівська політехніка»

Attention is paid to the issues of the historical and cultural heritage of prominent figures of the Ukrainian past, its
influence on cultural and socio-economic changes, transformational and processes of modernization in Ukraine, and to the
formation of a distinctive national socio-cultural space in the modern conditions of Ukrainian state-building, growth of
national consciousness and the manifestation of Ukrainian identity.
The article is about Ivan Levinskyi’s public, scientific, pedagogical, architectural, construction and business
heritage, which had outstanding consequences on the development of Lviv as progressive European city and had a great
influence on the development of Galicia, national culture and economy of Ukraine. It was found out that the outstanding
graduate and teacher of Lviv Polytechnic I. Levynskyi had left a multifaceted legacy capable to represent our state in the
whole world worthily. He created a scientific and architectural school, trained many talented Ukrainian architects, and was
himself an example of an architect of tireless work and endurance. The magnitude of his thinking and the dynamism of
scientific developments accumulated and embodied in the structures of Lviv a huge energy of architectural quest,
functionality and aesthetic perfection. Through his nationalistic searches, he contributed to the practical realization of the
conceptual plans of the creators of Ukrainian style, based on the traditions of folk art. He was one of the founders of Lviv’s
secession, developing the theory of “rational architecture”, contributed to the cooperation of professional architecture with
industrial production. As a scientist and teacher, he developed his own system of training engineers, supported the
development of scientific and technical research and dissemination of the results among all-Ukrainian audience, was one of
the organizers of the engineering movement in Galicia. He was a founder and a member of the Ukrainian technical and
cultural societies, head of the Educational Workers’ Society “Postup”. He became the founder of the Ukrainian national
craft - the production of gypsum, woodwork, roofs, facing tiles and artificial stone, majolica and tiled stoves. By this
I. Levinskyi contributed to the development of the regional economy, the professional development of ceramic production
on the basis of professional pottery, and ceramic products of its factories received international recognition and awards.
Many ceramists of Galicia have been professionally trained on his enterprises, which had created competition for European
masters, gradually replacing them from the factories of the region. The successful entrepreneur I. evinskyi owned the best
building materials factory in Lviv and a construction firm which took part in the construction and artistic design of many
prominent buildings of Lviv, creating conditions for the cooperation of professional architects and industrial production.

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