This article provides an overview of the poultry manure utilisation issues. It gives a comparative analysis of the methods of composting and vermiculation, production of organic-mineral fertilisers, granulation and thermal drying of the output raw product. Integrated combination of granulation and thermal drying is considered to be the most efficient in the poultry manure processing technology.
The article is devoted to the analysis of the methanogenesis of chicken manure with effluent’s liquid phase recycling with and without nitrogen stripping. It was determined that methanogenesis with full recirculation of the liquid phase is possible both with the sorption of ammonia nitrogen and without it. However, it was characterized by an inhibited state. Methane production was 0.51 l/l in a reactor with ammonia stripping and 0.23 l/l in a reactor without ammonia stripping. The ammonia removal efficiency was 12.5% ammonia nitrogen.
This research involves studying the application of palygorskite from Dashukivka Deposit and clinoptilolite from Sokyrnytsia Deposit in production of organic fertilizers prolonged. It is found that maximum ammonia sorption capacity is 1.56・~10-2 mg-eq/g of sorbents. The composition proposed has a positive impact on condition of the studied soils. The pH level of soil solution shifts toward neutral, and the level of ammonium nitrogen is uniform throughout 24 days.