The article is devoted to the issues of the emergence and further development of the Western Ukrainian party press at the end of the XIX century – the beginning of the XX century as a means of political communication. The conclusion that the mass information and 59 communication processes have an important value for a policy both in the present and in the historical retrospect is made. The political representatives of such processes, which are specially prepared for interaction with public opinion, can include, among others, the mass media.
The article analyzes the constitutional reforms caused by the need to improve the state and legal system of the Austrian Empire after the Revolution 1848–1849 which resulted in the formation of the dualistic Austria-Hungary. The paper explains the essence and factors of the constitutional reforms. It has been established that the search of a constitutional system model lasted for several decades, ranging from the model of broad federalization of the country to strengthening the centralist tendencies.