In this scientific and methodological article is investigated India’s position on major international treaties and initiatives in the field of nuclear weapons non-proliferation (Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT)). In addition, it is analyzed the impact of the country’s policy in the nuclear field on the functioning of the nuclear non-proliferation regime. It is found that according to the National Indian nuclear doctrine, one of the important tasks of national security is general non-discriminatory nuclear disarmament aimed at the quick achievement of a nuclear-free world. It is analyzed the reasons for the country’s refusal to sign the basic documents in the sphere of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Firstly, the NPT (1968) is discriminatory, since it gives more rights and authorities to the nuclear states and thereby limits the rights of the non-nuclear states. In addition, it is not capable to provide security of the non-nuclear states in case of attack by the nuclear states. Secondly, the CTBT (1996) does not contain specific terms of eliminating of nuclear weapons, and also allows the so-called sub-critical nuclear tests. At last, the FMCT will not be signed, because India is threatened by China – a member of the “nuclear club”, and neighboring Pakistan, thereby the only way to ensure the security of the people and strengthen its position in the region is to increase India’s nuclear potential. It is alleged that India’s non-alignment to these initiatives is a destabilizing factor that undermines the whole system of non-proliferation regime in the world. It is proved the necessity (within the framework of the legal acts that make up the basis of the non-proliferation regime) to develop and offer a set of interconnected measures for stabilizing the situation in the region, mainly between India and Pakistan, and to provide a prospect for its improvement and ensure the international nuclear security.
Arbatov, A., (Ed.), Chufrin, G. (Ed.). (2005). The Nuclear Opposition in Southern Asia. [In Russian]. Moscow: Moscow Carnegie’s Centre.
Arbatov, A. (Ed.), Chufrin, G. (Ed). (2006). The Nuclear Weapon after “Cold War”. [In Russian]. Moscow: ROSSPEN.
Belokrenitskii, V., Moskalenko, V., Shaumian, T. (2003). Southern Asia in Worldwide Politics. [In Russian]. Moscow: International Relationship.
Chellani, B. (2014). The Retaining Role of the Nuclear Weapons in the International Balance of the Powers. [In Russian]. Valdai Notes, 4, 12. Retrieved from http://ru.valdaiclub.com/files/11001/
Draft Report on National Security Advisory Board on Indian Nuclear Doctrine (1999). The Ministry of External Affairs of India. Retrieved from http://mea.gov.in/in-focus-article.htm?18916/Draft+Report+on+National+Security+Advisory+Board+on+Indian+Nuclear+Doctrine
Izuyama, M., Ogawa, S. (2003) The Nuclear Policy of India and Pakistan. NIDS Security Reports, 4, 59-89. Retrieved from http://www.nids.mod.go.jp/english/publication/kiyo/pdf/ bulletin_e2002_3.pdf
Nikonova, T. (2010). The Valuation of the Possibility of India’s Nuclear Disarmament. [In Russian]. Herald of Tomsk State University, 333, 74–77. Retrieved from http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/otsenka-vozmozhnosti-yadernogo-razoruzheniya-indii
On the Universal Prohibition of the Nuclear Testings: Treaty since 1996, 24 September. [In Russian]. Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Dogovor_o_vseob#emljushhem_zapreshhenii_jadernyh_ispytanij
On the Universal Prohibition of the Nuclear Testings: Treaty since 1996, 24 September. [In Ukrainian]. Parliament: Ukraine’s Legislation. Retrieved from http://zakon5.rada. gov.ua/laws/show/995_372
On Nonproliferation of the Nuclear Weapons: Treaty since 1968. [In Ukrainian]. Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dohovir_pro_nerozpovsiudzhennia_iadernoi_zbroi
On Nonproliferation of the Nuclear Weapons: Treaty since 1968, 1st July. [In Ukrainian]. Parliament: Ukraine’s Legislation. Retrieved from http://zakon0.rada.gov.ua/ laws/show/995_098
Orlova, V. (Ed.). (2002). The Nuclear of Nonproliferation: Handbook for the Students of High Schools: in two volumes. V. 1. [In Russian]. Moscow.: PIR-Centr.
Permanent Mission of India to the Conference on Disarmament Geneva. (2003, January 23). Retrieved from http://mea.gov.in/in-focus-article.htm18848/Permanent+Mission+of+India+to+the+Conference+on+ Disarmamemt+Geneva+
The Fissile Material Cut off Treaty. (2009, September 2). Retrieved from http://fissilematerials.org/library/fmct-ipfm-sep2009.pdf
Timerbaev, R. (2009). On the Prohibition of the Production of the Decomposing Materials for the Nuclear Weapons. [In Russian]. Security’s Index, 3–4 (90–91), 25–35.