Non-alignment strategy: politics and theory

: 21-26
Received: January 05, 2018
Accepted: April 16, 2018
Lviv Polytechnic National University
University of Vilnius

The complex study of the state non-alignment strategy is done. The theoretical and methodological basis of non-alignment strategy is analyzed, the problem of definition this phenomenon is investigated, the main aspects of neutrality strategy tendencies are clarified. The historical aspects of non-alignment policies are developed.

The Non-alignment Movement members were obliged as stated in the Havana Declaration of 1979 to ensure the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries "in their" struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics.

A policy of non-alignment required from a state that follows its principles implementation of foreign policy intentions aiming to overcome the world's partition into two hostile blocs.

Declaring a non-aligned status a state first of all followed internal causes, that are economical or political calamities, and external motives, that is strong economic dependence, possibility for foreign policy or military pressure. Furthermore, a course for non-alignment is only possible for lack of any evident or implemented territorial claims to a state that aims to pursue a politics of non-alignment.

Taking into account a process of the implementation of a non-aligned status, a state had better rely on the experience of the European already non-aligned states as well as today's international situation. Yet, modern conditions somewhat modify the concept of non-alignment. One can argue, but nowadays, for instance an expression "abstention form permanent alignment with blocs" might sound somewhat weird and with some ideological hue. A word "bloc" is considered anachronism in the modern dictionary of international relations, it rather an echo of the Cold War times; therefore, non-alignment as the concept has to be tied down to modern time and be able to deal with modern definitions.

Agius, C.(2006). The social construction of Swedish neutrality. Challenges to Swedish identity and sovereignty. Manchester, New York: Manchester University Press.

Buzan, B. (1991). "New Patterns of Global Security in the Twenty-First Century". International Affairs, 67(3).

Buzan, B., Ole, W., (1998). de Wilde, J. (ed.), (1988). Security: a new framework for analysis. Boulder/London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Burton, J. W. (1966). Non-Alignment. London: Andre Deutsch.

Castro, F. (1979). "Fidel Castro speech to the UN in his position as chairman of the non-aligned countries movement". Austin: Latin American Network Information Center. Retrieved from:

Hveem, H., Willets, P. (1975). "The practice of non-alignment. On the Present and Future of an International Movement". Africa International, 1: Horizon of African Diplomacy.

Kegley, C. W., Wittkopf E. R. (1997). World Politics: Trend and Transformation. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Lawson, S. (2002). "After the Fall: International Theory and the State". Book: Stephanie Lawson (ed.), The New Agenda for International Relations: From Polarization to Globalization in World Politic? Cambridge: Polity Press.

McWilliams, W. C., Harry Piotrowski, H. (2005). The world since 1945: a history of international relations. 6th ed. USA: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Tepe, F. F. (2007) "Swedish Neutrality And Its Abandonment". Istanbul: Istanbul Commerce University. Retrieved from: M00167.pdf

Udovyk, S. (2002). Globalization. Semiotic approach. Moscow: Refl-book, Vakler.

Walker, W. (1996). "India's Nuclear Labyrinth". Nonproliferation Review, 4(1).

Iavorska, H. (2006). " Non-alignment status: politician product of second fresh" Weekly mirror, 15(594), 22-28 апреля 2006. Retrieved from: