Non-alignment strategy: politics and theory

2018;
: 21-26
https://doi.org/10.23939/shv2018.01.021
Received: January 05, 2018
Accepted: April 16, 2018
1
Lviv Polytechnic National University
2
University of Vilnius

The complex study of the state non-alignment strategy is done. The theoretical and methodological basis of non-alignment strategy is analyzed, the problem of definition this phenomenon is investigated, the main aspects of neutrality strategy tendencies are clarified. The historical aspects of non-alignment policies are developed.

The Non-alignment Movement members were obliged as stated in the Havana Declaration of 1979 to ensure the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries "in their" struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics.

A policy of non-alignment required from a state that follows its principles implementation of foreign policy intentions aiming to overcome the world's partition into two hostile blocs.

Declaring a non-aligned status a state first of all followed internal causes, that are economical or political calamities, and external motives, that is strong economic dependence, possibility for foreign policy or military pressure. Furthermore, a course for non-alignment is only possible for lack of any evident or implemented territorial claims to a state that aims to pursue a politics of non-alignment.

Taking into account a process of the implementation of a non-aligned status, a state had better rely on the experience of the European already non-aligned states as well as today's international situation. Yet, modern conditions somewhat modify the concept of non-alignment. One can argue, but nowadays, for instance an expression "abstention form permanent alignment with blocs" might sound somewhat weird and with some ideological hue. A word "bloc" is considered anachronism in the modern dictionary of international relations, it rather an echo of the Cold War times; therefore, non-alignment as the concept has to be tied down to modern time and be able to deal with modern definitions.

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