In 1936, in Odessa, the largest temple of the North-Western Black Sea region,
the Transfiguration Cathedral on Cathedral Square, was barbarously destroyed. By this time,
the Cathedral had undergone the robbery of valuables, legalized by the Soviet state, with the
destruction of relics. Since 1991, on an initiative basis, the creative team of architects and
students of the Odessa Civil Engineering Institute began to collect initial data and develop a
project to recreate this outstanding lost object of the cultural heritage of Ukraine. In 1999, the
team of architects of the communal enterprise "Odesproject" won the all-Ukrainian open
competition for the best project for the reconstruction of the temple and began to develop
scientific and design documentation, according to which in 2000 construction and installation
work began on Cathedral Square. Since 2002, scientific and project documentation on the
architectural and decorative finishing of the facades and engineering support of the Cathedral,
the interiors of the Lower and Upper Churches, the Andreevsky Hall, baptisms for children
and adults - was developed by the architectural studio "M-Studio". When carrying out a
complex of preparatory work, the development of a draft design, working documentation,
interior designs, scientific support and field supervision, the authors used scientific and
practical research methods, which helped to substantiate and accept decisions for
implementation, which were subsequently detailed in the scientific and design documentation.
The article presents the main research methods that were used to recreate the
outstanding lost cultural heritage of Ukraine – Transfiguration Cathedral in Odessa, 1991-
2010. The methods used in the reconstruction of the Cathedral are conditionally divided into
two groups: the first group concerns the formation of the traditional character of the historical
environment of the Cathedral Square and the second - the formation of the image of the
restored Cathedral, including its interiors. Presents 21 methods from the first group, these
methods were used in the study and formation of the traditional character of the historical
environment of the Cathedral Square and the facades of the Cathedral: Building sanitation,
Revealing layers, System approach, Compliance with the prototype, Field surveys,
Archaeological research, Architectural and geodetic measurements, Analysis and Synthesis,
Hypotheses, Architectural Yantra, Paradigms, Photogrammetric Reconstruction, Prototyping,
Modeling, Logic, Citizens Informing, Comparison, Brainstorming, Visual Shading,
Manufacturability, Collectiveness. The methods used in the reconstruction of the Cathedral
contributed to the adoption of the most acceptable scientific and design decisions both in terms
of the formation of the traditional character of the historical environment of Odessa Cathedral
Square, and in the formation of the image of the Cathedral, including the interiors of its Upper
and Lower Temples. The article can be useful for specialists working in the field of
reconstruction of outstanding lost objects of cultural heritage.
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