: 123-131
Department of Architecture and Conservation Lviv Polytechnic National University
National University "Lviv Polytechnic"

The study of Tarakaniv Fort, the largest defensive fort in Ukraine, which has survived to this day with partial losses of material substance as a result of military operations, which is decaying under the influence of atmospheric factors, is extremely relevant in our time, when the country is in a state of war. The purpose of the article is to analyze the planning and architectural-spatial structure of the Tarakan Fort, to reveal its architectural-constructive features, to determine the current technical condition and to propose a functional adaptation. 

The outpost fort was of great strategic importance for the defense of the eastern border on the eve of the First World War at the end of the 19th century. 20th century A powerful fortification object was built according to the drawings of the outstanding military fortification engineer E. Totleben in 1860-1890. The head of the construction of the main structures of the fort was the engineer colonel Borisov, the modernization of the fort was carried out under the leadership of Belikov. The analysis of the latest researches and publications showed that the unique engineering and fortification complex of the Tarakan Fort-outpost is practically unexplored, without archaeological excavations and thorough research. The monument of defense architecture refers to the monument of military architecture of local importance and has great architectural value. In the process of research, the main factors of the construction of the Tarakan Fort were determined. The article examines the peculiarities of the layout and spatial arrangement of the fort in the village of Tarakaniv near the city of Dubno, Rivne region. Three stages of formation of the structure of the fort-outpost complex are defined. The functional and constructive solution of the "Dubno" fort outpost complex was considered and analyzed. The modern state of the defensive structures of the Tarakan Fort was studied. In order to preserve the monument of defensive architecture, a program of priority repair and restoration measures was developed and it was proposed to adapt the researched outpost fort to a tourist function. 

Batyushkov, P.N., 1888. Volyn. Historical destinies of the South-Western region. St. Petersburg, pp. 231–235.

Bevs, M., 2001. Problems of regeneration of protected areas of historical cities. Visnyk NU "Lʹvivsʹka politekhnika", 429, p. 62-69

Ivanov, E. and Sulyk, B., 2013. Historical and geographical aspects of the transformation of landscape systems of the Tarakan Fort. Visnyk Lʹvivsʹkoho universytetu. Seriya heohrafichna, 46, p. 156–164

Kovalchuk, V.V., 2008 Analysis of the possibility of tourist and recreational use of the Tarakan Fort - a landmark of the engineering and construction heritage of the Rivne region. Industrialʹna spadshchyna v kulʹturi i landshafti: Materialy III Mizhnarodnoyi naukovoyi konferentsiy (Kryvyi Rih, October 1-4, 2008): in 2 h. Part 1. Kryvyi Rih, p. 139-149

Essays on the history of the architecture of the Ukrainian SSR (pre-October period), 1957. Kyiv: Derzhvydav l-ry z budivnytstva i arkhitektury URSR.

Prybyega, L.V., 2009. Protection and restoration of objects of architectural and urban planning heritage of Ukraine: methodological aspect.  Monograph. Kyiv: Mystetstvo.

Rutynskyi, M.Y., 2007. Castle tourism in Ukraine. Geography of monuments of fortification architecture and prospects for their tourist revival: Study guide. Kyiv: Tsentr uchbovoyi literatury.

Timofienko, V., 2002. Architecture and monumental art. Terms and concepts. Kyiv: Timofienko, V., 2002. Architecture and monumental art. Terms and concepts. Kyiv: Head of the Institute of Problems of Contemporary Art, Golovkii Architecture.

Yaroschuk, V.P., ed., 2002. Historiographer of the Volyn land: To the 70th anniversary of the birth of Guria Vasyliovych Buhal: Biobibliographic index. Rivne.