Retrospective-geographical analysis of lviv city landfill

Department of Cartography and Geospatial Modeling of Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University

Aim. An annual increase in the amount of wasteburied at the solid waste landfill has forced the necessity to control activity of such communal and private enterprises and carry out both ecological and engineering performance monitoring. The parameters controlled by engineering monitoring include geometric size of land parcels, size and dynamics of the waste body, control for spreading of sewage disposal, and other numerical parameters which can be obtained by geodesic methods and by means of remote measuring. To define particularities of performance of solid waste landfills in the past, it is important to use data from archive paper maps and materials from aerial surveys. These materials can be used to solve some scientific and practical tasks, and thus, there is a need to design a correct presentation of archive data in geoinformational systems and develop technologies to acquire geodata from archive maps and images by means of modern instruments. The main aim of the work is to determine space-time peculiarities of the performance of the Lviv city landfill for the last 60 years. Methodology and results of the work. According to the set goal, the authors of this article collected and analyzed archive cartographic materials, designed from 1950 to 2006 in the territory of Lviv city landfill. Using topographic maps of 1972, 1985, 1991, drawn at the scales of 1: 10 000 and 1: 25 000. The research determines the area of the land of waste storage for the corresponding period and defines space-time peculiarities of the landfill performance. The work studies archive aerial images of 1988, making a base for the development of a digital terrain model for the determination of the quantitative parameters of the Lviv city landfill, in particular its area and capacity. Basing on the topographic plan of 2006, the work developed a digital terrain model. Scientific novelty and practical value. In Ukraine, retrospective-geographic analysis of the Lviv city landfill in the period from 1950-2006, was first made from the base of archive materials. Results of the analysis supply a possibility to define tendencies of changes of space-time particularities of its performance, which include the design of digital terrain models and determination of geometric parameters of the solid waste landfill. The obtained results of geoinformational modelling presented in the work can serve for specialists in the field of waste handling (specialists of housing and utilities infrastructure, ecological inspection, and scientific-research organizations) to control the keeping to the rules of solid waste landfill misuse.

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