State and prospects of Lviv plans research

Institute of History of Ukraine NASU, Lviv Polytechnic National University; State Research and Production Enterprise "Kartografiya"
Jan Kochanowski University
Department of Cartography and Geospatial Modeling of Lviv Polytechnic National University

The purpose of the paper is to determine the state of research on the peculiarities of mapping and cartographic works of Lviv and, on this basis, to develop tasks for continuing such research on systematic foundations using GIS technologies. Methodology. The theoretical and methodological basis of the research was formed by modern ideas about the significance of a map as an important document of geospatial information and about cartography as a crucial method of recording the state of events and phenomena. The research methodology is based on the principles of historicism, objectivity, systematicity, and comprehensiveness. The methods used in the study include structural-functional and bibliographic analysis, analytical and comparative analysis. Results. Numerous plans of Lviv have long been the subject of research by scholars and specialists. The analysis of previous research has revealed certain gaps along with obvious achievements, primarily in the field of cartography. There is still no complete list of published and manuscript plans of Lviv, and not all periods of the city’s mapping have been properly studied. Geoinformation technologies were practically not used in the analysis of the plans. The study of the accuracy of Lviv’s plans using GIS tools is at the initial stage. Based on the study of the state of research on city plans, we propose the main areas of systematic investigation of the cartographic heritage of Lviv. The result of the cartographic and bibliographic research will be a bibliographic index of printed and manuscript plans of Lviv. The creation of a bibliographic index of literature on the history of mapping in Lviv will complete the historiographical research. The use of geoinformation technologies will have a decisive influence on further research of the plans. A geoportal of the city plans is currently being created. This will present available printed and manuscript plans, as well as historical reconstruction plans. The geoportal will become a high-quality source of information on ancient plans for research by specialists in various fields. It will also perform an important public function of preserving the national cartographic heritage. The scientific novelty of the research is to identify the main areas of systematic study of Lviv’s plans: cartographic bibliography, historiography, creation of a geoportal, and use of geoinformation technologies. The practical significance of the research results is the generalised information on the study of the cartographic heritage of Lviv and its historiography, places of storage of ancient plans.

  1. Atlas of Ukrainian historical cities. V. 1: Lviv. Scientific ed. М. Kapral. К. 2014. 96 p. + 36 maps. (in Ukrainian).
  2. Czerner, O. (1997). Lwów na dawnej rycinie i planie. Wrocław; Warszawa; Kraków, 133 p
  3. Czerner, O. (1998). Plan Lwowa Jeana Ignacego du Desfillesa z 1766 r. Kwartalnik Architekturyi Urbanistyki. Warszawa, 43(1-2), p. 112-119.
  4. Dolynska, M. (2003).  Elements of the cartographic research method in the introduction to sociotopography. Historical cartography of Ukraine: Collection of scientific articles. Lviv; K.; New York. p. 44-54. (in Ukrainian).
  5. Dolynska, M. (2006). Historical topography of Lviv in the XIV-XIX centuries. Lviv. 356 p. (in Ukrainian).
  6. Dolynska, M. (2003). A little-known lithographic map of Lviv in the first half of the XIX century. Historical local lore of Ukraine. Collection of scientific articles. Lviv, p. 266-270. (in Ukrainian).
  7. Drexler, I. (1920). Wielki Lwów. Le Grand Leopol. Lwów. 68 p.
  8. Gavrilova, E. S. (1956). A map of Lviv and its development. Lviv. 1956. 80 p. (in Russian).
  9. Gavrilova, E. S. (1956). A map of Lviv and its development. Lviv. Ph.D. thesis in Engineering Science. Lviv. 1956. 335 p. (in Russian).
  10. Gruneweg, M. (1980). Description of Lviv. October, 10, 109-116. (in Ukrainian).
  11. Gudz, I. M., & Protsyk, M. T. (2000). Briefly about the symbols on old maps of Lviv. Cartography and history of Ukraine: Collection of scientific articles. Lviv; K.; New York, p. 48-53. (in Ukrainian).
  12. Gudz, I. M., & Protsyk, M. T. (1999). Symbols on some maps of Lviv of the XVII-XVIII centuries. Geodesy, cartography, and aerial photography, 59, 63-68. (in Ukrainian).
  13. Holubinka Yu., Nikulishyn V., Sossa R., & Yurkiv M. (2018). Investigation of the accuracy of plans of Lviv in 1844 and 1932. Geodesy, cartography and aerial photography, 88, 33-46.
  14. Ivanochko, U., Linda, S. (2004). Maps and plans of Lviv as a source for research on the spatial development of the city in the period under Austria rule (1772-1918). Historical cartography of Ukraine. Collection of scientific articles. Lviv-Kyiv-New York. p. 214-265. (in Ukrainian).
  15. Isaievych, Ya. (1980). The oldest historical description of Lviv. October. 10, 100-108. (in Ukrainian).
  16. Kryshtalovych, U. (2014). Lviv in cartographic sources of the XIV – mid XX centuries: LVIV IN CARTOGRAPHIC SOURCES FROM THE 14TH TO THE MIDDLE OF THE 20TH CENTURY. (in Ukrainian).
  17. Laska W. Zur Geschichte der praktischen Geometrie in Polen. Österreichischen Zeitschrift für Vermessungswesen. № 7-10. 1907.
  18. Linda, S. M. Oleshko, O. P., & Ivanochko, U. I. (2004). Study of the territorial development of Lviv in the Austrian period (1772-1918) on the basis of cartographic material. Bulletin of Lviv Polytechnic National University. Lviv, 505, 127-141. (in Ukrainian).
  19. Lisovska, Ye. (2000). Cadastral maps as a source for the history of XIX century Galicia. Cartography and history of Ukraine: Collection of scientific articles. Lviv; K.; New York. 245-251. (in Ukrainian).
  20. Markevych, O. (1959). A valuable find [about a map of Lviv and its suburbs, made in 1766. Zh. Desfilem]. (in Ukrainian).
  21. Martyniuk, A., & Taras, Ya. (2000). The first detailed plan of Lviv. Ethnographic notebooks. Lviv, 2, 365-370. (in Ukrainian).
  22. Olszewicz, B. (1998). Kartografia polska XIX wieku: (Przegląd chronologiczno-bibliogr.). Warszawa, 1, 2, 528 p.
  23. Olszewicz, B. (1930). Kartografia polska XV i XVI wieku: (Przegląd chronologiczno-bibliogr.). Lwów; Warszawa, 4(31), 147-168.
  24. Olszewicz, B. (1931). Kartografia polska XVII wieky: (Przegląd chronologiczno-bibliogr.). Lwów; Warszawa, 5(36), 109-138.
  25. Olszewicz, B. (1932). Kartografia polska XVIII wieku: (Przegląd chronologiczno-bibliogr.), 38/39(40), 181-208, 245-310.
  26. Paslavskyi, I. (2010). Who founded Lviv and when? Probable and improbable dates of the founding of the capital of Galicia. Lviv, 36+IV p. (in Ukrainian).
  27. Petryshyn, H. P. (2006). Map of von Mieg (1779-1782) as a source for urban studies of Galicia. Lviv, 290 p. (in Ukrainian).
  28. Plastic Panorama of Old Lviv. Janusz Witwicki (1903-1946). We build differently [special edition to the 100th anniversary of the birth of J. Witwicki]. Lviv. 2003, 38 p. (in Ukrainian).
  29. Rovenchak, I. (2013). Lviv on the oldest geographical maps. Bulletin of Geodesy and Cartography, 2, 45-49. (in Ukrainian).
  30. Sossa, R. (2021). A cadastral plan of Lviv from 1849. Lviv, 148 p., 65 illus. (in Ukrainian).
  31. Sossa, R., Kryshtalovych, U., & Shyshka, O. (2016). Cartographic publications of Lviv: Catalogue of the exhibition. Lviv, 6-8 December 2016. Lviv, 28 p. (in Ukrainian).
  32. Shyshka, O. V. (2011). Mapping of Lviv in the period under Austria rule (1772-1918). Bulletin of Geodesy and Cartography, 6, 42-46. (in Ukrainian).
  33. Shyshka, O. V. (2011). Mapping of Lviv (1582-1770). Bulletin of Geodesy and Cartography, 4, 42-47. (in Ukrainian).
  34. Shyshka, O. V. (2012). Mapping of Lviv (1918-1944). Bulletin of Geodesy and Cartography, 1, 44-47. (in Ukrainian). file:///C:/Users/Admin/Downloads/vgtk_2012_1_10.pdf
  35. Sawicki, L. (1921). Spis map archiwum wojennego w Wiedniu, odnoszących się do ziem Polskich. Przyczynki do Bibliografii Kartograficznej Ziem Polskich. Warszawa, 242 p.
  36. Sossa, R. (2020). Lviv mapping in the Soviet-period. Geodesy, Cartography and Aerial Photography, 91, 59-69.
  37. Sossa, R., & Yurkiv, M. (2022). Cartometric investigation of the accuracy Plan of Lviv 1894. Geodesy, Cartography and Aerial Photography, 95, 94-102.  
  38. Witwicki, J. (1971). Obwarowania śródmiescia Lwowa i ich przemiany do XVIII wieku Kwartalnik architektury i urbanistyki. Warszawa, XVI, 199-200.