The article is devoted to the calculated regulation of the stress deformation state (SDS) of combined steel trusses, which allows to reduce the efforts in some sections of the structure by increasing the efforts in other and design evenly stressed structures as the most rational systems. It is shown that the calculated method of SDS regulation makes it possible to reduce steel consumption by up to 34%. Four methods of calculated SDS regulation are proposed. The advantages of combined structures are given: the concentration of materials and the possibility of designing them as low-element.
As shown in the example, for the quantitative criterion of quality it is possible to use rationally the maximum potential energy of deformation. Dependences for calculation of the maximum potential energy of compressed stretched, and compressed-bent elements of rod-bearing steel structures are given.
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