: 90-97
Received: September 29, 2022
Revised: October 29, 2022
Accepted: November 15, 2022
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of Highways and Bridges
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of Highways and Bridges
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of Highways and Bridges

The European Green Deal is the latest climate and environmental protection program launched by the EU. This is a strategy to transform the EU into a resource-efficient economy, in which in 2050 there will be zero greenhouse gas emissions and economic growth will be decoupled from the use of natural resources. After approving the National Economic Strategy for the period until 2030, Ukraine joins and focuses on the European Green Deal and aims to achieve climate neutrality in 2060 (Natsionalna ekonomichna stratehiia, 2021).

Such ambitious goals can become a huge challenge for our country, in particular, in environmental projects of recycling in construction. Popularization of the principles of the circular economy and the introduction of the best European experience in the reuse of industrial waste is not only a requirement for the successful accession of Ukraine to the EU, but also a prerequisite for the effective implementation of infrastructure projects, especially the post-war reconstruction of the country.

Natsionalna ekonomichna stratehiia na period do 2030 roku Postanova KM  № 202 від 10.03.2021
Yevropeiska biznes asotsiatsiia (2021) Vykorystannia zoloshlakovykh produktiv i hirnychoi porody v dorozhnomu budivnytstvi. Yevropeiskyi dosvid i mozhlyvosti dlia Ukrainy Retrieved from
Mozghovyi, V. V., Puhach, M. O., Mozghova, L. A., Kutsman, O. M., Chyzhenko, N. P., & Sokoliuk, M. Yu. (2014). Napriamky zastosuvannia zoloshlakiv TES u budivnytstvi avtomobilnykh dorih. Visnyk [Natsionalnoho transportnoho universytetu], (29 (1)), 199-205.
Acıkök, F. (2018). Effect of Fly Ash and Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag on The Strength of Concrete Pavement . Journal of Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies , 3 (3) , 278-285 . DOI: 10.29187/jscmt.2018.31
Smith, W., & Vorobieff, G. (2007, May). Recognition of sustainability by using stabilisation in road rehabilitation. In Proceedings of the Australasian (Iron and Steel) Slag Association Sustainability and Slag Conference.
Abdullah, H. H., Shahin, M. A., Walske, M. L., & Karrech, A. (2021). Cyclic behaviour of clay stabilised with fly-ash based geopolymer incorporating ground granulated slag. Transportation Geotechnics, 26, 100430.
Arm, M. (2003). Mechanical properties of residues as unbound road materials-experimental tests on MSWI bottom ash, crushed concrete and blast furnace slag. Diss.
Rahmat, M. N., & Kinuthia, J. M. (2011). Effects of mellowing sulfate-bearing clay soil stabilized with wastepaper sludge ash for road construction. Engineering Geology, 117(3-4), 170-179.
Ferreira, C., Ribeiro, A., & Ottosen, L. (2003). Possible applications for municipal solid waste fly ash. Journal of hazardous materials, 96(2-3), 201-216.
Sen, T., & Mishra, U. (2010). Usage of industrial waste products in villageroad construction. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, 1(2), 122.
Liu, J., Wang, Z., Xie, G., Li, Z., Fan, X., Zhang, W., ... & Ren, J. (2022). Resource utilization of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash-cement and alkali-activated cementitious materials: A review. Science of The Total Environment, 158254.
Roshan, M. J., Rashid, A. S. A., Wahab, N. A., Tamassoki, S., Jusoh, S. N., Hezmi, M. A., ... & Azmi, M. (2022). Improved methods to prevent railway embankment failure and subgrade degradation: A review. Transportation Geotechnics, 100834.
 Maheepala, M. M. A. L. N., Nasvi, M. C. M., Robert, D. J., Gunasekara, C., & Kurukulasuriya, L. C. (2022). A comprehensive review on geotechnical properties of alkali activated binder treated expansive soil. Journal of Cleaner Production, 132488.
Barman, D., & Dash, S. K. (2022). Stabilization of expansive soils using chemical additives: A review. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering.
 Ghadir, P., Zamanian, M., Mahbubi-Motlagh, N., Saberian, M., Li, J., & Ranjbar, N. (2021). Shear strength and life cycle assessment of volcanic ash-based geopolymer and cement stabilized soil: A comparative study. Transportation Geotechnics, 31, 100639.
Spagnoli, G., Romero, E., Fraccica, A., Arroyo, M., & Gómez, R. (2022). The effect of curing conditions on the hydromechanical properties of a metakaolin-based soilcrete. Geotechnique, 72(5),
Aboulayt, A., Jaafri, R., Samouh, H., El Idrissi, A. C., Roziere, E., Moussa, R., & Loukili, A. (2018). Stability of a new geopolymer grout: Rheological and mechanical performances of metakaolin-fly ash binary mixtures. Construction and Building Materials, 181, 420-436
Yatseno, O. (2021, November 12). "DTEK Enerho" pershoiu v Ukraini pobuduvala dorohu z zoloshlakamy. Ekopolityka Retrieved from
Recycling Solutions Stratehichne upravlinnia vidkhodamy ta pobichnymy produktamy Retrieved from