The assumption that oxides (glycidol, glycidol acetate, glycidol formate) are the intermediate molecular products of the oxidation reaction of allyl alcohol and its esters in the medium of acetic acid has been grounded. To optimize the process of obtaining glycerin esters the kinetics of these oxides reaction with acetic and formic acids has been investigated. Glycidol formate was found to be the most stable compound and glycidol – the least stable one. The rate of oxides reaction with formic acid is by order higher than that with acetic acid.
The cooligomers of isoprene and allyl alcohol under the action of hydrogen peroxide have been synthesized. Using a solvent of variable composition isopropyl alcohol–allyl alcohol showed that the cooligomer yield doesn’t depend on a ratio of solvent composition. Polymerization of allyl alcohol itself doesn’t take place. The determination of molar weights and hydroxyl group contents in the cooligomers obtained in both alcohols showed that the cooligomer obtained in the allyl alcohol has an increased functionality 3.5 against 2 in single isopropyl alcohols