Наведено технологію побудови шкали розпізнавальної складності зображень об’єктів уваги, які локалізують на зображеннях-тестах. Технологія ґрунтується на перетвореннях Фур’є, є експериментально підтверджена і може використовуватися для тестового контролю систем розпізнавання візуальної інформації.
The creation and operation of mobile communication systems is impossible without determining the parameters of base stations and mobile communication systems. For these purposes, appropriate devices are used that optimally combine testing capabilities in a single portable solution, which eliminates the need for several separate control and measuring devices. One of the main types of measurements of such devices is the measurement of the power of ultra-high and extremely high frequency signals.
Measurement of time intervals with low accuracy on intervals from a few seconds to several hours or days is relevant for some broad applications in various fields of activity. Such measurements are widely used in the technological processes of various enterprises during the preparation and quality control of the preparation of medicines, during the maintenance of technical equipment and mechanisms, chemical technological processes, etc.
Calibration of terrestrial laser scanners allows increasing the accuracy of the obtained data in order to comply with regulatory requirements for engineering geodesy works. Two types of test objects (TCO) are used for calibration: point-based and plane-based. The aim of this work is to evaluate, summarize and classify the criteria for selecting the type and subtype of test objects for terrestrial laser scanners calibration.
The analysis of the concept of Open-Science Space is carried out. The existence of ways to achieve reproducibility and traceability of research results performed by a group of worldwide situated Cyber-physical system operators/supervisors is shown. Ways to ensure the efficient operation of Cyber-physical systems as complex technological nondemountable objects with high requirements for metrological characteristics have been studied. To develop the scattered cyberphysical systems, the portable stable-in-time code-controlled measures of physical quantities have been studied.
In order to increase the capacity and efficiency factor of gas turbines and internal combustion engines while preserving their high reliability, the gas temperature and its distribution need to be measured in combustion chambers. Values of these temperatures can exceed 1800°С in an oxidizing atmosphere. Therefore, designing temperature transducers for measurements in such severe environments, special attention should be paid to the selection of thermometric materials.
The purpose of the study is the development of calibration methodology of automated verticality monitoring system of radio communication masts and towers using geodetic measurements in order to obtain corrections in inclinometer measurements relative to the construction’s vertical axis. There are two different methods used for tower verticality determination: using Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) observations; three-dimensional terrestrial geodetic measurements using total station or traditional geodetic measurements methods.
The specific of metrological support for different types of dosemeters are considered. Gamma-ray sensors are commonly used for measuring radiation doses as also the fluid levels in the industry. Typically, the 60Co or 137Cs isotopes as the radiation source are applied. For instance, in the USA, such detectors are beginning to be used as part of the Container Security Initiative . Problems of their metrological assurance are becoming more general.
A method has been developed for the adjustment of the results of measurements of length during calibration of a field comparator for verification (calibration) of distance meters and distance metric parts of total stations. The method of processing the results of comparisons of distance meters to the field comparator using the least squares method (LSM) was also developed on its basis. The additive biases of length measurements by each distance meter are evaluated according to the LSM, as well as the biases that are entered to the results of length measurements by each reflector.
The article focuses on the main problems of metrological confirmation of measuring instruments in accordance with international requirements and considers possible directions of their solution. One of the main tasks of metrology is assurance of the uniformity of measurements, that is, the state of measurements, in which their results are expressed in the legal units, and the characteristics of errors or uncertainty of measurements are known with a certain probability and do not exceed the established limits.