Studies of moisture loss from hardening monolithic cement concrete have been carried out. It was found that there is no consensus on the critical value of moisture loss from hardening concrete, at which shrinkage and cracking are possible, and there is no common understanding of the possible critical width of the shrinkage crack opening. It is shown that when the concrete hardens in air-dry conditions, its indicators, including durability, decrease by a factor of 2 or more. The critical value of moisture loss from hardening concrete was experimentally determined, which is 2 kg/m2.
The design of banding shells of rotary units is analyzed. It is shown that combined welding and cast manufacturing of bandings is used in the case of large structural sizes. The basic materials (30, 35, 25 HSL and 30 HML), being used in this process, are characterized by the tendency of forming of hardening structures due to the thermal cycle of welding. As a result of this, the cracks in the heat-effected zone, which lead to the destruction of the connection under the influence of welding residual stresses.
The new method determination parameters hardening of portland cement is offered in the article.
The glass wastes as a cullet are widely used for the production of building materials mainly as inert aggregate. However finely grained glass powder has the very developed surface, so can not be passive toward cement solutions, what was confirmed in practice. In literature data there is no information about chemical influence of finely grained glass on the process of hardening, especially in an early pre-induction hydration period, which substantially causes the structure formation of cement stone and its properties.