The article is devoted to the causes, types and consequences of false criminalization. One of the problems with the criminalization of socially dangerous acts is that various factors can lead to incorrect or so-called erroneous criminalization. Its types are: 1) unjustified criminalization; 2) excessive criminalization; 3) incomplete criminalization; 4) incorrect criminalization. Unjustified (unjustified) criminalization is the recognition of an act as a criminal offense, which is not characterized by sufficient for criminalization nature and degree of harm (danger).
The article is devoted to the history of the formation of criminal law on the detention of a person who has committed a criminal offense. In the history of domestic criminal law, the first circumstance that excludes the criminality of the act was the state of self-defense, which can be found in “Russian Truth” (Article 26), “Military Article” in 1715 (Article 156), “Regulations on criminal and correctional punishments” of 1845 (art. 107), etc.
The article is devoted to the relationship between the concepts of “general principles of sentencing” and “principles of sentencing”. In criminal law, the concepts of “general principles of sentencing” and “principles of sentencing” are used in parallel. At first glance, these concepts seem identical. Principles are often defined through general principles, and vice versa – general principles through principles.Common in the legal literature is the position that the general principles have their source in a separate principle of sentencing or a combination thereof.
The article analyzes the doctrinal approaches to the interpretation of budget relations.
The article proves that in Ukraine the conditions are created for the formation of start-ups on the platform of universities. It is proved that all participants of start-ups – companies, firms, universities, teachers, students etc. – have a clear motivation. The recommendations are made on the basis of research for legislative consolidation of some elements motivating the innovation process. The methods are obtained for creating and managing start-ups on the platform of Universities at the present stage of Ukrainian economy development.