The Types of Notions in “German Logic” of Christian Wolff (Research Article)

The article discusses the problem of classification of notions (Begriffe) by Christian Wolff, particularly in his “German Logic”. Wolff divides notions – as well as representations (Vorstellungen) in general – into obscure (dunkel, obscura) and clear (klar, clara). The clear notions are divided into distinct (deutlich, distincta) and indistinct (undeutlich, indistincta or confusa).

Whether Metaphysical Conclusions Emerge from Language Research? Review of the book Jadacki, J. Juliusz. (2019). Metaphysics and Semiotics. Prototheoretical Research. [Ukrainian Edition]. Kamianets-Podilskii: «Limited Company “Drukarnia Ruta”», 352 p

The review examines in detail the analytical-semiotic approach presented in the book to solve the metaphysical problems of philosophy, such as the essence, truth, simplicity, clarity, and clarity of expressions. The proposed approach can eliminate from the philosophical discourse irrational statements that are incomprehensible and meaningless. This approach also eliminates from philosophy the so-called “pseudo-problems” that arise from language abuses.