This article explores the ideological and narrative foundations of various forms of architectural historicism, marked by the identities manifestation which emerged in the era of modern nations appearance. The difference between the concepts of the three national communities - Ukrainian, Polish and Russian and how these concepts were conveyed with the help of architectural stylistics is outlined.
Consideration of contemporary urban environment aesthetics is also closely linked to the category of heritage, which is growing in importance and is expanding. The concept of heritage itself is, in turn, a modern phenomenon that emerged only in the nineteenth century and is largely linked to the formation of political nations. Based on comparative analysis, has been traced the transformation of the concept of heritage in modern and postmodern discourse.