Currently, the problem of energy-saving construction remains extremely relevant. The application of thermorenovation measures for existing public and residential buildings is one of the ways to solve the problem of rational use of fuel and energy resources. In this article, one of the thermorenovation measures is considered, in particular, the installation of additional external insulation to insulate external walls on the example of a general secondary education institution.
The article considers the current methods of measuring the calorific value of natural gas which are valid in the upto-date gasometry. The procedure for measuring the gross and net volume-basis specific calorific value of natural gas by the calorimetric method is analyzed. It is shown that to increase the accuracy and validity of measurement results, the experiment to determine the values of gross and net volume-basis specific calorific should be performed for at least 5 samples of the investigated gas.
Conditions for the reduction of titanium-magnetite concentrates (main components are Fe 52–54 % and TiO2 5–7 %) by natural gas for obtaining iron powder and titanium fraction were studied. Based on the theory of granulation in the drum apparatus, granules with 25 % of soda fluxing additive with optimum diameter, humidity, strength and porosity were obtained. It was found that the reduction reactions in the temperature range of 1143–1198 K are carried out if a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide is added to the natural gas in amount of 15 vol %.
The article develops and analyzes a method of the comprehensive evaluation of the quality of natural gas as an energy source. The method is based on establishing the calorific value of natural gas as a determinative index of its quality, taking into account all gas properties: both those that positively affect the gas calorific value and its energy content, and those that adversely affect.
The article analyzes the data of gas consumption for the heating periods and confirms that for the actual outdoor air temperatures there is a decrease in gas consumption. Necessary heat loads and gas consumption were determined to ensure the required indoor air temperature in the premises of the educational buildings with the proposed mode of gas savings by lowering the indoor air temperature, the so-called economical mode of operation of the boiler room. The theoretical economy of gas from lowering the temperature regime is determined.
In all sectors of the national economy of Ukraine, issues of energy efficiency and saving of fuel and energy resources are important. Legislative changes in the branches and scientific developments of scientists allow reducing the energy dependence of Ukraine on imported fuels. One of the energy-saving measures for the transportation of natural gas is the use of a vortex tube for heating natural gas at gas distribution stations. Natural gas is heated before the process of reducing it in the gas pressure regulator to prevent the formation of crystalline hydrates within the gas pressure re
This work deals with the investigation of influence of flow pulsation on the accuracy of gas flowrate and volume measurement by means of the differential pressure flowmeters. Experimental studies of the step response curves of an impulse line with a pressure transducer (PT) were carried out with application of a high-frequency analog-to-digital converter of the pressure signal in the PT chamber. Mathematical model of an impulse line with a PT was built. This model provides simulation and investigation of the transient processes with high accuracy.
Methods for measuring the roughness of the internal surface of a measuring pipeline for projected rectilinear sections of a measuring pipeline and for rectilinear sections that are in operation have been determined. The new equations for calculating the hydraulic resistance coefficient of friction of natural gas on the internal surface of the measuring pipeline, the average value of natural gas pressure along the section of a measuring pipeline and the equivalent roughness were obtained.
This work deals with measurement of natural gas flowrate and volume by means of pressure differential devices. The existing methods for calculation of Joule-Thomson coefficient to be applied in pressure differential flowmeters are analyzed in the paper. A new method which uses a simplified set of parameters of gas composition, namely the density at standard conditions, the molar content of nitrogen and carbon dioxide, is developed by the authors.
By using CFD-simulation, plug length simulation of local resistance type plugged tee, which changes the flow direction, using equations of hydrodynamics was carried out. During simulation, velocity of medium in the thread of the collector system in which local input resistance was plugged tee, which changes the flow direction, was measured. Herewith for determination of this velocity and reduction of its distortion collector system simulation at different plug lengths was carried out.