Slow-breaking monophase cationic bitumen emulsions have been produced on the basis of bitumen modified with phenol-cresol-formaldehyde resin (PhCR-F). Bitumen emulsions were used as a binder for thin-layer coatings with slurry surfacing mixes (SSM). Physical and technical parameters of modified and unmodified emulsions were determined and analyzed. The optimal compositions of SSM were selected according to the breaking criterion. The values of SSM wet track abrasion were determined.
The effect of factors on the process of obtaining phenol-cresol-formaldehyde resin (PhCR-F) has been studied. By using empirical evidence, the adequate experimental statistical-mathematical (ESM) model has been developed. Based on this model, the optimal values of the process factors for obtaining PhCR-F have been identified, bringing about both high yield and softening point of the resin. Data predicted on the basis of the ESM model were compared with empirical evidence about PhCR-F preparation.