phenol formaldehyde resins

Kinetic Model of the Process of Polycondensation of Concentrated Phenols of Coal Tar with Formaldehyde

Phenolformaldehyde resins were obtained by polycondensation of concentrated phenols with formaldehyde in the presence of hydrochloric acid. Concentration of phenols is carried out by treating the phenolic fraction of coal tar with an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide followed by neutralization of water-soluble phenolates with hydrochloric acid. The kinetic dependences of resin yield and softening temperature on the duration of the process at 333, 353, and 373 K were obtained.