The solar energy that reaches the Earth is free, but installations to convert solar energy into heat, as well as equipment for transporting and storage that heat, require some investment. A significant part of the components of these systems are metals. Pipelines in solar collectors and heat exchangers are made of copper, aluminum is used for the absorber and housing, and the steel is often used in heat storage tanks. One of the options to reduce the cost of solar collectors and increase their efficiency is to use polymeric materials instead of metals.
The results of the technical and economic analysis of the use of flat solar collector based on polymeric materials are given.
The information about generalized kinetic data which can describe biodegradation of polymeric materials (kinetics of biomass growth and methods of investigation of its formal mechanism of biodegradation, microorganism adhesion) has been presented in this paper.