The article reveals the challenges for cooperation of the participating states in the Bucharest Nine initiatives in the conditions of the evolution of security threats on NATO’s eastern borders. The preconditions, purpose and goals of the Bucharest Nine have been highlighted. The group composition of B9 participants on a territorial basis has been considered, namely: the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), the Visegrad Four countries (Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, and the Czech Republic), and the Black Sea countries (Bulgaria and Romania).
Abstract — the interpretation of the concept of “knowledge-intensive services” by domestic and foreign specialists is considered. The content of the category has been clarified. Data on exports of knowledge-intensive services in Ukraine and the G7 countries in recent years have been studied. The analysis and comparison of structural shares of knowledge-intensive services in the total export of the country is carried out. Data on the number of employees in the field of knowledge-intensive services were studied.
Ukrainian translation by Vitaly Mudrakov from: Stefan, P. (2018). Sehen lernen. Nietzsche, Tramp und die neusten Medien. In Kotzur, M. (Hrsg). Wenn Argumente scheitern. Aufklärung in Zeiten des Populismus, 33-52. Münster: Mentis.
Some peculiarities of conservation educational and scientific process proceeded in specialized institutions of the USA East Coast are considered, in particular of the Universities’ conservation programs and of conservation laboratories belonging to museums or private firms. The organizational-educational and instrumental issues of conservation education are presented on the selected examples and institutions
In the article, based on a thorough analysis of the Constitution of the UnitedStates
(1787), the Judgment Act of 1789, a significant number of scientific literatureclarifies the
historical and legal aspects of the constitutional and legal status of thejudiciary in the United
States. The order of appointment (election) of judges in theUSA is investigated. The
advantages of the organization of the US judicial system, theappointment of federal judges,
and certain shortcomings in the implementation oflegal regulation have been identified.
The article attempts to analyze the perception of American identity and its international importance through ethnic, religious, political, legal, and economic components. It is determined that ethnically modern America is formed by assimilation of the indigenous population and immigrants from Europe, Asia, Africa, etc. as they contributed to the formation of many political, social, constitutional and religious institutions of the new country, the definition of American identity and values.
The main goal of this study is to determine the stages of development, conceptual notion of the agreement on the establishment of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), as well as the political and economic role and place of a new organization in the modern system of international relations. Systemic-structural, comparative and historical research methods are applied in the course of research.