The kinetics of adsorption of ammonium ions under dynamic conditions has been studied. A mathematical model of the process was built. The mass transfer coefficient was calculated depending on the intensity of the change of location. It was established that ion exchange occurs in external and internal diffusion regions. The rate constants of ion exchange for the region of external and internal diffusion were calculated.
The effect of the content of natural and anthropogenic pollutants (potentially acidic organic substances, synthetic surfactants and petroleum products in water, which is exposed to desalting) on the efficiency of КU-2-8 ion exchangers has been studied. To minimize this negative influence the reagent method was used. Different natural and modified sorbents have been investigated for additional purification of water before filtration on cation-exchange filters or periodic regeneration of ion exchangers by the studied reagents.