Preventive measures as an independent variety of measures to ensure criminal proceedings: the grounds and purpose of application

2020;
: 194-198
Authors:
1
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology

The article is devoted to the problem of the purpose and grounds for the application of precautionary measures as a kind of measures to ensure criminal proceedings in the system of measures of procedural coercion in criminal proceedings. In particular, to determine the essence of the purpose and grounds for the application of precautionary measures provides a theoretical analysis of the scientific positions of individual scholars proceduralists on the purpose and grounds for the application of precautionary measures in criminal proceedings, and analyzes the current criminal procedure legislation in Ukraine, which establish the grounds for the application of applicable measures in criminal proceedings. The need to establish precautionary measures as measures to ensure criminal proceedings is established exclusively taking into account all the situations that arose during the pre-trial investigation, with simultaneous consideration. Comparing the grounds for taking precautionary measures with all the circumstances of the case allows us to conclude that it is necessary to apply such a certain type of precautionary measure in each case. Thus, there is no need to establish precautionary measures as measures to ensure criminal proceedings, if the same result can be achieved through other non-coercive procedural means (in our case - other measures to ensure criminal proceedings). The designation in the law of the purpose of these measures requires the competent authority to act in each case in accordance with the situation. The decision-maker uses the criteria specified in the law for the need to take precautionary measures to assess the legal significance of the factual data on the basis of which he must make a decision. It is stated that the grounds for the imposition of precautionary measures are established, evaluated and fixed in the procedural order by the investigator, the prosecutor, the investigating judge, the court, specific factual data, and their facts.

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Huzela M. "Preventive measures as an independent variety of measures to ensure criminal proceedings: the grounds and purpose of application" http://science.lpnu.ua/law/all-volumes-and-issues/volume-7-number-327-2020/preventive-measures-independent-variety-measures