Basic approaches to understanding the concept of national security

Melnychenko B., Fihel N. "Basic approaches to understanding the concept of national security"

Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology

The article analyzes different approaches to understanding the concept of “national security”. It was found that the concept of “national security” has a large number of dimensions and aspects, the difference between which is including the relevant positions from which this issue is considered. It is established that in a concentrated form the concept of security is a system of officially accepted principled views of the state and society on values and interests, on ways and mechanisms of protection against potential and real threats. It has been found that in most scientific works “national security” is defined as the protection (state of protection) of vital interests of the individual, society and the state from internal and external threats. In this case, the interests are usually understood as a set of needs (without the appropriate abilities) of a security entity (individual, society, state, etc.). It is emphasized that it is important to understand the essence of national security to understand the subjects and objects of national security. It is noted that the main subject of national security is the state, which performs its functions in the field of national security through the legislative, executive and judicial branches, non-governmental organizations and citizens. The main objects of national security are citizens (their rights and freedoms), society (its spiritual and material values), the state (its constitutional system, sovereignty and territorial integrity). It is concluded that national security is a multilevel and multi-component phenomenon that reflects the state of protection of vital interests of the individual, society and the state from real and potential threats. It is closely connected with all aspects of human life, society and the state and is a component of their existence and development.

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