Current stage of constitutional transformation in Ukraine

: 97-102
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology

The article examines the current stage of constitutional transformations in Ukraine, its problems and features. The main challenges and factors influencing the reform process have been identified. Problematic issues that remained outside the process of transformation in the period from the early 2000s to September 2019, but require changes at the level of the Basic Law, have been identified. Among them, the main ones are identified, which relate to ensuring the rights and freedoms of citizens, decentralization and the system of distribution of powers of public authorities. The problems characteristic of the constitutional process as a whole are analyzed, namely: the influence of populism, inconsistency of reform, low quality of legislative equipment, etc. The activity of advisory bodies at the institute of the President of Ukraine, which aim to increase the efficiency of constitutional transformations, is assessed. The course and process of decentralization reform implementation have been studied. The key problems and their nature are identified. It is emphasized that some provisions of normative acts related to the reform do not comply with the Constitution of Ukraine. The remarks of experts on the expediency of replacing the principle of combining centralization and decentralization with the principle of decentralization in the list of principles of territorial organization of Ukraine are analyzed. The consequences of the introduction of the Electoral Code of Ukraine are assessed. The process of document approval and amendments is analyzed. Problems with document codification have been identified. The influence of the factor of European integration of Ukraine on the course of the constitutional process is investigated. The nature of this factor, its advantages and disadvantages in the context of increasing the effectiveness of constitutional reform are studied. The essence of the constitutional crisis of the end of 2020 is analyzed. Its causes and potential consequences have been clarified. Possible ways to solve the crisis are analyzed on the basis of the recommendations of the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe.

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Chornobai O. "Current stage of constitutional transformation in Ukraine"

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