Global challenges in the field of age discrimination

Zharovska I., Gren N. "Global challenges in the field of age discrimination"

Educational-Scientific Institute of Law and Psychology Lviv Polytechnic National University, D.Sc. (Law), Associate Professor

The article is devoted to the problems of age discrimination. The author’s concept is that global challenges increase the risks of discrimination. The author points out that globalization affects all spheres of public life. Human rights and freedoms are value characteristics for man and society, so it is important to analyze the nature and manifestations of discrimination in a globalized space. The author singles out global problems that directly affect the current state policy in the field of discrimination. First of all, these are changes in the system of public administration, as it is the resource that directly forms and implements national legal policy. Secondly, the global problem of aging, which leads to an increase in the number of older people. The number of elderly people is growing, so the socio-financial burden on national budgets is also increasing, the medical sector is receiving an additional burden, public infrastructure, inclusive communication environment needs to be properly adjusted. Such problems can create problems in the improper implementation of anti-discrimination policies. Third, the disparity between age and gender factors. The international community has introduced an old-age dependency ratio (OADR) as the number of elderly dependents (people aged 65 and over) per 100 people of working age (aged 20 to 64). This indicator is based on the economic dependence associated with the growing share of the elderly population. OADR is one of the most commonly used indicators for monitoring changes in the age structure of populations. The figure is projected to double over the next thirty years. Again, the dependence of the elderly can be a significant area for the spread of discrimination. Women tend to live longer than men. At the global level in 2015–2020, the life expectancy of women exceeds that of men by 4.8 years. Such gender disparities have an impact not only on gender discrimination, but also on age. Because it is multiple discrimination, ie not on one, but on many grounds is very common at the present stage of legal reality.

1. Delyagin M. G. (2019). Konets epokhi: ostorozhno, dveri otkryvayutsya! [End of an era: watch out, doors open! Vol. I. General theory of globalization. 12d ed., revised and enlarged]. M.: IPROG. Knizhnyy mir, 832 p. [in Russian]. 2. Pro zasady zapobihannia ta protydii dyskryminatsii v Ukraini (2013) [On the Principles of Preventing and Combating Discrimination in Ukraine]: zakon Ukrainy vid 06.09.2012 No. 5207-VI Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady [Information of the Verkhovna Rada]. No. 32, st. 412. 3. Hrytsiak N. V. (2020). Modernizatsiia publichnoho upravlinnia v konteksti hlobalizatsii: problemy ta perspektyvy [Modernization of public administration in the context of globalization: problems and prospects]. Ekonomika ta derzhava [Economy and state]. Seriia: Derzhavne upravlinnia. 3. S. 88–91. 4. United Nations (2019). Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Ageing 2019: Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/430). 5. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2015). 2015 Revision of World Population Prospects. URL: 6. United Nations (2019) 2017. National Transfer Accounts Manual: Measuring and Analyzing the Generational Economy. World Population Prospects New York