Unification assess innovative prospects of complicated technical systems as a factor in increasing the efficiency of r&d and public procurement management

Received: September 24, 2015
Accepted: September 24, 2015
Vorotnikov V.A.

DP “KB “Pivdenne” im. M.K. Yanhelia”

The problem of improving the management of public procurement and R&D complicated technical systems on the basis of the analytical apparatus unification assess their prospects of innovation through the use of innovation R&D results indicators. In conditions of the techno-economic data high uncertainty on the basis of patent data can be obtained figures that with reasonable certainty will characterize the degree of innovation in relation to the technical level and the justification of the innovations practical implementation.

At the turn of the present decade to identify promising research and development we have shown interest of many influential international organizations, including the European Union, the World Bank, the World Intellectual Property Organization and others. The main conclusion that can be drawn from their documents, is that the key role in the financing of high-tech R&D should belong to the state or interstate structures. Another finding is that the significance of projects is often linked to the level of innovation, for an objective assessment which used IP.

A rational approach to improving the performance of the national system of high-tech R&D is proposed to create complicated technical systems carried out by the scheme of public procurement. To achieve this goal it is necessary to solve three major methodological problems. First, to confirm the relevance enhance the evaluation of promising R&D, especially in the creation of complicated technical systems, due to the introduction of innovative component of prospects. Secondly, to formulate the basic provisions of the analytical apparatus improvement of forecasting complicated technical systems the prospects of through the use of innovative options innovations obtained on the basis of patents. Third, to prove the feasibility of a uniform application of the proposed analytical prediction tools innovative prospects for rational coordination of corporate and institutional tasks of management to create complicated technical systems.

The basic prerequisite for the formation of this study methodology is the possibility of using non-financial data about the prospect of complicated technical systems for assessing the investment attractiveness of R&D in public procurement scheme. The methodology incorporated a comprehensive approach to the unification of technical-operational, economic and innovative options in the integration of innovative index prospects of complicated technical systems. Data on the effectiveness of the target, which in the early stages of the forecast are declarative in nature, complemented by the innovative characteristics of excellence of the development object. They can be obtained on the basis of material patents protecting a conceptual image of the development object, which should be given numerical values, for example, by the gradation of ranks in importance, indicators of novelty, inventive step and feasibility. This allows you to extend the evaluation stage of early prediction when most of the basic data for the analysis have low accuracy and reliability.

In addition, the prospects for a comprehensive forecast of complicated technical systems take into account the whole set of indicators that may be of interest to justify the investments in R&D. The analytical apparatus support decision-making on the creation of complicated technical systems is proposed to introduce assessment of the prospects of innovation, which is denoted by the term "spillover" novelties and lower technological level, with the potential dual-use.

Using a standardized methodology for assessing the prospects of the complicated technical systems creation will improve the efficiency of management companies in terms of ensuring their competitiveness and the macroeconomic impact is a synergistic effect on the growth of the quality of R&D results.
Topical problems in further research is a quantitative assessment of the IP rights degree and their commercial value, and the development of analytical expressions to identify and correct matching between the values of particular indicators in the framework of a summary innovative prospects indicator.

1. Management of academic intellectual property and early stage innovation in countries in
transition / WIPO. – 2011. – P. 65. – Rezhym dostupu: http://www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/
dcea/en/pdf/tool_1.pdf. 2. Stryszowski P. Intellectual Property Rights and National R&D Subsidy Policies
in a Two-Country Schumpeterian Framework / P. Stryszowski // DEGIT Conference Papers c010_027. –
P. 1-14. – 2005. – Rezhym dostupu: http://degit.sam.sdu.dk/papers/degit_10/C010_027.pdf. 3. Horyn V.
Finansovi aspekty systemy derzhavnykh zakupivel / V. Horyn // Visnyk Kyivskoho natsionalnoho
torhovelno-ekonomichnoho universytetu. – #6. – 2011. – S. 68–70. – Rezhym dostupu:
http://visnik.knteu.kiev.ua/files/2011/06/7.pdf. 4. Recommendation of the Council on Fighting Bid Rigging
in Public Procurement 2012 / OECD. – 2012. – 19 p. – Rezhym dostupu:
http://www.oecd.org/daf/competition/RecommendationOnFightingBidRigging20.... 5. Igniting
innovation : rethinking the role of government in emerging Europe and Central Asia / I. Goldberg,
J. G. Goddard, S. Kuriakose, J.-L. Racine // World Bank. – 2011. – 184 p. 6. Innovation and public
procurement: a new approach to stimulating innovation / CBI. – 2011. – 16 p. – Rezhym dostupu:
http://nzrise.org.nz/assets/Uploads/innovation-brief-1006.pdf. 7. Project paper on innovation and
technology transfer support structure for national institutions (Recommendation 10) / Committee on
Development and Intellectual Property. – WIPO. – 2010. – 43 p. – Rezhym dostupu:
http://www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/mdocs/en/cdip_3/cdip_3_inf_2_study_vii_i.... 8. The Value and
Indicator Function of Patents / R. Frietsch, U. Schmoch, B. van Looy, J. P. Walsh, R. Devroede, M. Du
Plessis, T. Jung, Y. Meng, P. Neuhausler, B. Peeters, T. Schubert / Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and
Innovation Research. – Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem # 15. – 2010. – 124 p. – Rezhym
dostupu: http://www.e-fi.de/fileadmin/Studien/Studien_2010/15_2010_Patent_Value.pdf. 9. Intellectual
property : Valuation, Exploitation and Infringement Damages. 2011 Cumulative Supplement / R. L. Parr,
G. V. Smith // Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, 2011. – 288 p. 10. Metodycheskye rekomendatsyy po
otsenke stoymosty y uchetu obъektov yntellektualnoi sobstvennosty v sostave nemateryalnыkh
aktyvov ot 17.04.1998 h., # 20/41/109/75 //NЭH. – 1998. – # 48. – S. 23–27. 11. Bromberh H. V.
Sbornyk normatyvno-metodycheskykh materyalov po stymulyrovanyiu ynnovatsyonnoi deiatelnosty
dlia rukovodytelei predpryiatyi y orhanyzatsyi / H.V. Bromberh // M.: YNYTs Rospatenta. – 2002. –
211 s. 12. Innovation, intellectual properly, and economic growth / Christine Greenhalgh, Mark Rogers //
Princeton University Press. – 2010. – 366 p. 13. Edquist C. Public Procurement for Innovation as missionoriented
innovation policy / C. Edquist, J. M. Zabala-Iturriagagoitia // Research Policy. – Vol. 41, Iss. 10. –
2012. – P. 1757-1769. 14. Bloom N. Identifying technology spillovers and product market rivalry /
N. Bloom, M. Schankerman, J. V. Reenen // Econometrica. – Vol. 81, # 4. – 2013. – P. 1347-1393. –
Rezhym dostupu: http://web.stanford.edu/~nbloom/bsv.pdf. 15. Momot V. E. Formyrovanye
kompleksnoho podkhoda k upravlenyiu razrabotkoi konkurentosposobnoi novoi tekhnyky s uchetom
faktora promыshlennoi sobstvennosty / V. E. Momot, V. A. Vorotnykov // Ekonomichnyi visnyk
Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu Ukrainy "Kyivskyi politekhnichnyi instytut". – 2013. –
# 10. – S. 274–281. – Rezhym dostupu: http://nbuv.gov.ua/j-pdf/evntukpi_2013_10_47.pdf.
16. Vorotnykov B. A. Otsenka perspektyvnosty sozdannia vыsokotekhnolohychnoho produkta po
patentno-ynnovatsyonnыm parametram novshestv / V. A. Vorotnykov // Vcheni zapysky Tavriiskoho
natsionalnoho universytetu imeni V.I. Vernadskoho. Seriia: Ekonomika ta upravlinnia. Simferopol. –
T. 26 (65), # 3. – 2013. – S. 27–36.