Man and knowledge: the epistemological component of philosophical anthropology

: 67-72
Received: March 11, 2017
Accepted: April 20, 2017
Lviv National Polytechnic University


The article discovers communication paths between knowledge and man and their essential characteristics. Modern interpretations of knowledge are analyzed in the context of problems of knowledge formation in society and the latest manifestations of man’s cognitive abilities. Contemporary definitions of knowledge, and also its structure from the point of its presentation – in both, reality and essential qualities of man, are analysed. Initial components of knowledge are as follows: sensually-given reality, constructive and meaningful components. The real statement of knowledge is manifested through language and semantic-symbolic form. The article traces communications of initial components of knowledge structure with anthropic characteristics and intellectual abilities of the man, and inadmissibility to reduce knowledge to an information component of contemporary social life-activity. The author is proving that meaningful component of knowledge is especially connected with the ontology of man, and thus, cannot be transformed into the information-functional component structures.

The author applies methods of comparative analysis, analysis and synthesis, discourse-analysis, phenomenological reduction. The study was conducted with using of modern scientific studies on the topic. Conclusions of the article can be used for further study of information society and knowledge society, especially in the context of confrontation to modern trends of becoming a post-human and his/her social function. Prospects of future studies of this topic are supposed to give us more detailed outcomes on the connection of main knowledge components with major areas of social life activity and culture.

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