The separatism phenomena in current international relations

: 55-59
Received: March 29, 2017
Accepted: April 10, 2017
Lviv Polytechnic National University

The complex study of the separatism influence into the international-politic situation in the world is  done. The theoretical and methodological basis of separatism is analyzed, the problem of definition this phenomenon is investigated, the main reasons of separatist tendencies is clarified, and the main forms of their manifestations are singled. The level of scientific development of separatism in the works of domestic and foreign researchers is studied.

In the article the author argues that ethnical, religious, territorial, social, cultural, political, linguistic, historical are the main factors of separatism.

The role of international organizations and other international actors in the fight against manifestations of separatism in the region is investigated. The efficiency of their activities and the ways of optimization their conflict resolution tools are analyzed.

The perspectives of using mechanisms to prevent the use of separatism to destabilize the situation in states and in the context of the international political situation are described. It is considered that international organization, negotiation, economical and political sanctions, international law, international convention, peacekeeping troops are the most effective international mechanisms on combating separatism.

Dalyavs`ka, T. (2013). Mizhnarodni texnologiyi vregulyuvannya problem nevy`znany`x derzhav. [In Ukrainian].Naukovi praci. Politologiya, 224, vol. 236, 76–81.​

Divak, V. (2010). Separatyzm yak fenomen suchasnoyi polityky. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Logos.

Gorbulin, V. (Ed.). (2015).Donbas i Krym: cina povernennya: monografiya. [In Ukrainian].Kyiv: NISD.

Polityko-pravovi mexanizmy zapobigannya separatyzmu v demokratychnomu suspil`stvi: nauk. zap. (2014). Kyiv : In-t derzhavy i prava im. V. M. Koreckogo NAN Ukrainy.

Raksmailov, V. (2013). Typologiya ta geneza separatyzmu v naukovij literaturi: do postanovky problemy. [In Ukrainian]. Social`ni texnologiyi: aktual`ni problemy teoriyi  ta praktyky, 59–60, 303–310.

Tsebenko, O. (2015). Mezhdunarodno-pravovye sredstva bor`by s separatyzmom. [In Russian]. Zakon i zhyzn. Mezhdunarodnyj nauchno-prakty`chesky`j pravovoj zhurnal, 8/2, 100–104