Approaches and Methods of Evaluation of the Innovation Company

: pp. 177 - 182
Lviv Polytechnic National University

The article the main traditional approaches to business valuation, namely: profitable, costly and comparative have been explored and analyzed. The main methods within each of the traditional approaches have been investigated. The methods of estimating the value of business by income approach are the method of capitalization of net income, the method of capitalization of dividends, the method of capitalization of excess income and the method of discounting cash flow. The methods of estimating the value of business by the cost approach are: the method of net book value, the method of adjusted book value, the method of estimating the net market value of tangible assets, the replacement cost method, the replacement cost method and the liquidation value method. The methods of estimating the value of business by a comparative approach are the method of industry ratios, the method of comparing sales and the method of multipliers. In addition, it is found that in modern conditions, traditional approaches to assessing the value of the business “in its pure form” are not always used by venture investors, and the most popular methods are contractual, multipliers, discounted cash flow, venture and real options. Synthetic models play an important role today.

In world practice, many different approaches are used to assess the value of companies, their assets, business in general. However, the issue of evaluation is still insufficiently addressed. When conducting valuation work in enterprises, many of the existing approaches are either not used at all, or are used very rarely, resulting in practice does not always achieve a comprehensive, complete and objective assessment of the amount of capital.

A characteristic feature in determining the value of the business within the application of each of the commonly used methods is the need to take into account various aspects of financial activities, which leads to different estimates of the value of the business, which requires coordination of the results. This situation involves the selection of key cost parameters to obtain the final value of the business. Given the above, there is a need and feasibility to reconcile the results of business valuation methods, which will help to obtain a reasonable value by combining the advantages of each of the traditional methods.

Determining the value of the company is one of the most important tasks in the field of corporate governance, which makes it possible to assess the level of competitiveness and success of the company in the market. The process of determining the value is carried out with a specific purpose: calculating the sale price, property insurance, obtaining a loan, etc., which determines the choice of valuation method.

Business valuation is the determination of the value of a business as a property complex that can bring profit to the owner. When conducting an appraisal examination, the value of all the company’s assets is determined: real estate, machinery and equipment, inventories, financial investments, intangible assets. In addition, the efficiency of the company, its past, present and future revenues, development prospects and competitive environment in this market are assessed separately, and then the evaluated company is compared with similar companies. On the basis of such a comprehensive analysis, the business is actually assessed as a property complex that can be profitable.

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