Model of acoustooptical switch for all optical telecommunication systems

B.M. Stryhalyuk, M.V. Kaidan, T.A. Maksymyuk, V.Z. Pashkevych

Lviv Polytechnic National University

Optical communication using semiconductor lasers as sources and optical fiber as the transmission medium is the only solution to handle the massive growth of network traffic. A single strand of fiber offers a bandwidth of 25 000 GHz, and a cable containing about 1000 optical fibers can carry six billion simultaneous full-screen videophone conversations – one for every person on earth. To utilize the potential bandwidth available on these optical fibers, other components of the optical network system have to be developed, ranging from detectors to multiplexers, buffers and switches. This paper addresses to acoustooptical technique, which could applied to switching optical signals. In general, a switch is concerned with the routing of message information in response to supervisory control signals. The message information could be large blocks of multiplexed traffic in the optical core network or a large number of lower bit channels delivered to the users in the optical access network. However, the application of an optical switch may not just be limited to the communication networks but also will incorporated in the communication cores of a large multi-processor computer where the data rates may exceed 100 Gbit/s. With new schemes being experimented for secure communication and for computing using quantum phenomena, new architecture will be required for switches that do not interrupt the phase information of the quantum packets.
The mathematical model of optical cross-connect switch (OXC) have been presented. Given model, represent the input data stream as a matrix, each rows of which represents the incoming data stream in the form of a matrix whose rows correspond DWDM channels, and columns – wavelengths, respectively. The method of optical switching without blocking in the node, based on the binary switching matrix for all switching elements have presented. The advantage of our model is the simplicity of matrix computations based on Boolean algebra methods, which is not strongly dependent on the number of elements in the matrix and able to scale switching node switching algorithm without cumbersome calculations.
We propose the model of optical switch based on acousto-optic cell. Unlike previous implementations, it is able for two-dimensional signals switching, by using mutually orthogonal acousto-optical cells. Thus, the proposed structure of the switching node is fully connected, and allows to switching information signal with an arbitrary carrier frequency from any input channel to any output channel, with the possibility of wavelength conversion.
Furthermore, we design an improved model of wavelength adjustment device. The novelty of the proposed device lies in using a single converter, instead of wavelength converters array. Our device based on the four-wave mixing effect and adaptable for any combination of input/output wavelengths by the reference signal generator Implementation of this device allows will improve the scalability of optical transport network structure.