One of the leaders of wall materials in the modern market, which combines high constructional and thermal insulation properties, is cellular concrete, in particular non-autoclave hardening. Improving efficiency of cellular concrete as a heat insulating material is, above all, in the maximum possible decrease in average density, while providing a certain level of physical and mechanical indicators necessary for the manufacture of products in the form of slabs.

The influence of the gypsum brand on the composite binder properties and the stone characteristics.

One of the actual problems of the further sustainable development of construction industry is solution of energy and resource saving problems during production and reduction of harmful emissions. Building materials based on gypsum raw compared to cement materials of analogical purpose are characterized by low energy consumption, as well as better ecological indicators. However, gypsum materials without modifying additives have low strength and water resistance which limits their application to the area of internal processing of rooms with a relative humidity of up to 60 %.


The development of the technology of new binders and concrete involves the following stages: the selection and preparation of materials, designing the composition in accordance with requirements, preparation of the mixture and the formation of products, initial curing and setting, further hardening. All these stages are united in a single complex, in which each stage has its own special significance and simultaneously affects the efficiency of the entire technological complex.

The role of Gypsum in Portlandite Stone Structure Formation

The hydration of calcium oxide has been examined in the presence of SO42-. The conditions, under which portlandite stone with the best physico-mechanical properties was formed, have been determined. The hardening conditions affect the phase composition and microstructure of portlandite stone with a bihydrated gypsum. The mechanism of CaO hardening has been determined in the presence of SO42- ions