Evolution of the phenomenon of life safety

The evolution of the life safety phenomenon is considered, the theoretical aspects are analyzed and the essence of the concept "safety of life" and its interpretation in the scientific environment are analyzed. The model of development and scientific principles of life safety is explored. Author's definition of life safety is proposed.


The paper considers cellular automata and forms of reflection of their evolution. Forms of evolution of elementary cellular automata are known and widely used, which allowed specialists to model different dynamic processes and behavior of systems in different directions. In the context of the easy construction of the form of evolution of elementary cellular automata, difficulties arise in representing the form of evolution of two-dimensional cellular automata, both synchronous and asynchronous.

Review of Robotics Development. Part 1. (Robotics to the Xx Century)

The main stages of robotics development in the world are analyzed in the work. It has been shown that robotics has become an integral part of various areas of human production and research, the attention to which is constantly growing. Thanks to the development of robotics, new colors have taken over in people’s lives: robots now perform most of the routine work, significantly reduce production time, promote human development and solve a number of unsolved problems. Robots fly into space, help the disabled, the elderly, explore the bowels of the Earth and work in factories and plants.

Evolution and Religious Experience. Review of Johan De Smedt’s and Helen De Cruz’s book "The Challenge of Evolution to Religion" - University Printing House, Cambridge, 2020. – 76 p.

The author of the review analyzes the book that focuses on three challenges of evolution to religion: teleology, origin of a human being, and the evolution of religion itself. De Smedt and Helen De Cruz show how these tensions arise and offer potential responses for religion. Individual religions can meet these challenges, if some of their metaphysical assumptions are adapted or abandoned.

K. Twardowski’s ethical legacy in its modern retrospection (the 150th anniversary of birth)

In the article, the author analyses views of the founder of the Lviv-Warsaw philosophical school, K. Twardowski, on the nature and origin of the morality and correlation principles of the altruism and egoism in human nature which are set forth in his program work «Ethics in the range with theory of evolution». The article asserts that, being an adherent of evolution theory, K. Twardowski argued that there were no innate norms of morality. Ethical norms are the product of evolutionary development as to their relative and variable character.