Kinetic Model of the Process of Polycondensation of Concentrated Phenols of Coal Tar with Formaldehyde

Phenolformaldehyde resins were obtained by polycondensation of concentrated phenols with formaldehyde in the presence of hydrochloric acid. Concentration of phenols is carried out by treating the phenolic fraction of coal tar with an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide followed by neutralization of water-soluble phenolates with hydrochloric acid. The kinetic dependences of resin yield and softening temperature on the duration of the process at 333, 353, and 373 K were obtained.

Studies on cardanol-based epoxidized novolac resin and its blends

Cardanol-based novolac-type phenolic resin was synthesized with a mole ratio 1.0:0.5 of cardanol-to-formaldehyde using a dicarboxylic acid catalyst such as succinic acid. The cardanol-based novolac-type phenolic resin may further be modified by epoxidation with epichlorohydrin excess at 393 K in a basic medium to duplicate the performance of such phenolic-type novolacs. Carboxyl-terminated butadiene acrylonitrile copolymer (CTBN) has been studied by various researches with diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A (DEGBA) epoxy resin and epoxidized phenolic novolac resins.