Influence of diamond component based on wurtzite boron nitride on wear resistance of cutting tool

2020;
: 53-60
https://doi.org/10.23939/ujmems2020.02.053
Received: August 10, 2020
Revised: September 24, 2020
Accepted: September 30, 2020
1
Department of Composite Materials, I.M. Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
2
Department of Composite Materials, I.M. Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
3
Department of Composite Materials, I.M. Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
4
Department of Composite Materials, I.M. Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
5
Department of Composite Materials, I.M. Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
6
National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”
7
Department of Instrumentation Design and Engineering, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”

The article is devoted to the study of the influence of the diamond component in a composite superhard material based on wurtzite boron nitride on the stability of the tool during turning of hardened steels in the mode of smooth turning and when processing intermittent surfaces. The aim of the work is to study the influence of the content of the diamond component in the composite superhard material based on wurtzite boron nitride on the stability of the tool. Based on the analysis of the main patterns of changes in the coefficient of friction depending on various factors, the evaluation of composites containing diamonds of different dispersion in comparison with other materials of this class. The results of the study of the technical level of composite polycrystalline superhard materials based on wurtzite boron nitride of different composition and determination of the efficiency of their use as a cutting tool in the machining of hardened steels are presented. The intensity of wear of composites in the cutting tool during processing of hardened steels is experimentally determined. It is established that the presence of a diamond component in the composite significantly affects the stability of the tool in the conditions of smooth turning due to heat dissipation in contact with the processed material. In the processing of hardened steels with the presence of shock loads, the phase state of the matrix component of the composite plays a decisive role. The obtained research results make it possible to determine the optimal composition and conditions for obtaining a composite material of the system “boron nitride – diamond”, which provides the most effective application of the cutting tool in practice.

[1] Instrumenty iz sverkhtverdykh materialov [Tools made of superhard materials], N. V. Novikova, and S. A. Klimenko, Eds. Moscow, Russia: Mashinostroyeniye Publ., 2014. [in Russian].

[2] V. P. Astakhov, “Machining of Hard Materials – Definitions and Industrial Applications”, in Machining of Hard Materials. London, UK: Springer, 2011, pp. 1–32. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84996-450-0_1

[3] T. Halpin, G. Byrne, J. Barry, E. Ahearne, “The performance of polycrystalline cubic boron nitride tools in continuous, semi-interrupted, and interrupted hard machining”, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, vol. 223, issue 8, pp. 947–953, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1243/09544054JEM1488

[4] G. V. Borovskij, B. E. Pini, E. A. Khachikyan, “Vysokoproizvoditelnaya preczizionnaya obrabotka zakalennykh stalej malorazmernym instrumentom iz kubicheskogo nitrida bora (KNB)” [“High-performance precision machining of hardened steels with a small-sized tool made of cubic boron nitride (CBN)”], Izvestiâ MGTU “MAMI”, no. 2 (14), pp. 30–38, 2012. [in Russian].

[5] K. S. Barandych, S. P. Vysloykh, V. S. Antonyuk, “Ensuring fatigue life of parts during finish turning with cubic boron nitride tools”, Journal of Superhard Materials, vol. 40, issue 3, 206–215, 2018. https://doi.org/10.3103/S1063457618030085

[6] Y. B. Guo, M. E. Barkey, “FE-simulation of the effects of machining-induced residual stress profile on rolling contact of hard machined components”, International Journal of Mechanical Science, vol. 46, issue 3, pp. 371–388, March 2004. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2004.03.014

[7] Y. A. Fedoran, V. M. Volkogon, V. S. Antonyuk, S. K. Avramchuk, “Vliyanie strukturnogo sostoyaniya PSTM na osnove vyurczitnogo nitrida bora na ikh effektivnost pri tonkom tochenii zakalennykh stalej” [“Influence of the structural state of PSHM based on wurtzite boron nitride on their efficiency in fine turning of hardened steels”], Nanoengineering, no. 5, pp. 28–34, 2014. [in Russian].

[8] C.-I. Balan, “Factors influencing surface integrity in hard machining of steels – A review”, International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, vol. 6, issue 5, pp. 38–43, May 2015.

[9] T. Halpin, G. Byrne, J. Barry, “The performance of PCBN in hard turning”, Industrial Diamond Review, vol. 65, issue 4, pp. 52–60, January 2005.

[10] N. Ånmarka, T. Björk, A. Ganea, P. Ölund, S. Hogmark, A. Karasev, P. G. Jönsson, “The effect of inclusion composition on tool wear in hard part turning using PCBN cutting tools”, Wear, vols. 334–335, pp. 13–22, July 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2015.04.008

[11] J. Barry, G. Byrne, “Cutting tool wear in the machining of hardened steel, part 2: cubic boron nitride cutting tool wear”, Wear, vol. 247, issue 2, pp. 152–160, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(00)00528-7

[12] C. A. Klimenko, A. S. Manokhin, M. Yu. Kopeikina, S. A. Klimenko, Yu. M. Melnichuk, A. A. Chumak, Vysokoproizvoditelnaya chistovaya obrabotka detalej iz stalej vysokoj tverdosti [High performance finishing of high hardness steels]. Kyiv, Ukraine: V. Bakul Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2018. [in Russian].

[13] Y. K. Chou, C. J. Evans, M. M. Barashb, “Experimental investigation on cubic boron nitride turning of hardened AISI 52100 steel”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 134, issue 1, pp. 1–9, March 2003. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(02)00070-5

[14] S. V. Grubyy, V. V. Lapshin, “Issledovaniye rezhushchikh svoystv reztsov iz nitrida bora” [“Research of cutting properties of boron nitride cutters”], Science and Education, no. 06, pp. 61–76, June 2012. https://doi.org/10.7463/0612.0423622

[15] G. C. Benga, A. M. Abrao, “Turning of hardened 100Cr6 bearing steel with ceramic and PCBN cutting tools”, Journal of Material Processing Technology, vols. 143–144, pp. 237–241, December 2003. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-0136(03)00346-7

[16] V. M. Volkogon, V. S. Antonyuk, “The effect of graphite-like boron nitride on the formation of residual stresses, strength, and performance of materials based on wurtzitic boron nitride”, Journal of Superhard Materials, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 50–53, 2001.

[17] P. A. Vityaz, V. T. Senyut, “Sintez i primenenie nanostrukturnyh sverhtverdyh materialov instrumentalnogo naznachenija” [“Synthesis and application of nanostructural superhard materialsof tool appointment”], Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Physical-Technical Series, no.3, pp. 60–76, 2015. [in Russian].

[18] V. S. Antonyuk, E. B. Soroka, V. I. Kalinichenko, “Providing adhesion strength for a substrate-coating system under contact loading”, Journal of Superhard Materials, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 133–138, 2008. https://doi.org/10.3103/S1063457608020093

[19] Y. K. Chou, “Hard turning of M50 steel with different microstructures in continuous and intermittent cutting”, Wear, vol. 255, issues 7–12, pp. 1388–1394, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(03)00102-9

[20] V. S. Antonyuk, “Formation of wear-resistant antifriction composite coatings reinforced with ultradispersed diamond”, Journal of Superhard Materials, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 66–69, 1998.

[21] F. Klocke, E. Brinksmeier, K. Weinert, “Capability profile of hard cutting and grinding processes”, CIRP Annals, vol. 54, issue 2, pp. 22–45, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-8506(07)60018-3

[22] S. R. Das, D. Dhupal, A. Kumar, “Experimental investigation on cutting force and surface roughness in machining of hardened AISI 52100 steel using cBN tool”, International Journal of Machining and Machinability of Materials, vol. 18, no. 5/6, pp. 501–521, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJMMM.2016.078997

[23] Sverkhtverdye materialy. Poluchenie i primenenie [Superhard materials. Obtaining and application], N. V. Novikova, Ed., Vol. 5: Obrabotka materialov lezvijnym instrumentom [Processing of metals with a razor tool], S. A. Klimenko, Ed. Kyiv, Ukraine: V. Bakul Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2006. [in Russian].

[24] V. A. A. De Godoy, A. E. Diniz, “Turning of interrupted and continuous hardened steel surfaces using ceramic and CBN cutting tools”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 211, issue 6, pp. 1014–1025, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2011.01.002

[25] A. E. Diniz, D. M. Gomes, A. Braghini, “Turning of hardened steel with interrupted and semi-interrupted cutting”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 159, issue 2, pp. 240–248, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.05.011

[26] Y. Huang, Y. K. Chou, S. Y. Liang, “CBN tool wear in hard turning: a survey on research progresses”, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, no. 35, pp. 443–453, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-006-0737-6

[27] M. A. Yallese, K. Chaoui, N. Zeghib, L. Boulanouar, J.-F. Rigal, “Hard machining of hardened bearing steel using cubic boron nitride tool”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 209, issue 2, pp. 1092–1104, January 2009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2008.03.014

[28] A. V. Kurdyumov, A. N. Pilyankevich, Fazovye prevrashheniya v uglerode i nitride bora [Phase transformations in carbon and boron nitride]. Kyiv, Ukraine: Naukova dumka Publ., 1979. [in Russian].

[29] V. M. Volkogon, М. А.Vasylkovska, I. I. Tymofeeva, S. K. Avramchuk, A. V. Kravchuk, I. I. Buzhanska, Y. A. Fedoran, T. V. Pavlychuk, V. S. Antonyuk, “Interaction during barothermal processing of wurtzite boron nitride with diamonds obtained under different synthesis conditions”, Journal of nano- and electronic physics, vol. 11, no. 6, Paper ID 06014, 2019.

[30] A. A. Shul`zhenko, A. N. Sokolov, M. G. Loshak, L. I. Aleksandrova, N. I. Zaika, “Physico-mechanical properties and structure of diamond polycrystalline composite materials produced from variously dispersed powders”, Journal of Superhard Materials, vol. 30, issue 1, pp. 23–27, 2008. https://doi.org/10.3103/S106345760805002X

[31] V. M. Volkogon, S. K. Avramchuk, A. V. Kravchuk, T. V. Pavlychuk, V. S. Antonyuk, K. І. Avramchuk, “The influence of the phase composition of the b-n-c system composition material on its physical-mechanical and tribological characteristics”, Journal of nano- and electronic physics, vol. 12, no. 3, Paper ID 03035, 2020. https://doi.org/10.21272/jnep.12(3).03035

[32] Y. Huang, S. Y. Liang, “Modeling of CBN Tool Flank Wear Progression in Finish Hard Turning”, Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 98–107, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1644543

V. Volkogon, S. Avramchuk, Yu. Fedoran, A. Kravchuk, T. Pavlychuk, V. Antonyuk, K. Avramchuk, "Influence of diamond component based on wurtzite boron nitride on wear resistance of cutting tool", Ukrainian Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 53-60, 2020.