The Impact of Immigration Processes on Country’s Development, Case Study of the United Kingdom

2017;
49-54
1
Lviv Politechnic National University
2
Lviv Politechnic National University

In the article the recent immigration processes in the UK are studied. The key factors, which influence the global immigration policies, are considered.

The study is dedicated to the contemporary immigration processes in different countries and from different prospectives. The key factors, which influence global immigration processes were identified.

The significant difference in income inequality is observed, and the study of International Monetary Fund shows that as inequality increases, the growth decreases and will continue to do so in the future. The effect that the employment of immigrants has on the wages of workers depends heavily on the nature of the labour if immigrant labour is complementary to the labour and skills of native workers, it is likely to have a positive effect on wages. The extent to which immigrant labour is complementary or substitutable can also influence the long-run and short-run effects of immigrant labour. Substitutive immigrant labour provides competition for the native citizens, therefore decreasing the average wage in the host country. Nevertheless, in the long term, because a larger proportion of working immigrants can lead to an increase in productivity and consumption, the investment will also rise, so households will have more benefits. In such a way the presence of immigrants in the workplace helps the productive potential of the economy. These factors could benefit the host country, since they outweigh the loss made initially when immigrant labour is substitutive and lowers the average wage through increasing employment. The conclusion is made conserning the immigration trends and factors, which is necessary for the decision making for better immigration processes in Europe and the UK, in particular.

 

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